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Testing theories about ethnic markers: Ingroup accent facilitates coordination, not cooperation

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In recent years, evolutionary psychologists and anthropologists have debated whether ethnic markers have evolved to solve adaptive problems related to interpersonal coordination or to interpersonal cooperation. In the present study, we add to this debate by exploring how individuals living in a modern society utilize the accents of unfamiliar individuals to make social decisions in hypothetical economic games that measure interpersonal trust, generosity, and coordination. A total of 4,603 Danish participants completed a verbal-guise study administered over the Internet. Participants listened to four speakers (two local and two non-local) and played a hypothetical Dictator Game, Trust Game, and Coordination Game with each of them. The results showed that participants had greater faith in coordinating successfully with local speakers than with non-local speakers. The coordination effect was strong for individuals living in the same city as the particular speakers and weakened as the geographical distance between the participants and the speakers grew. Conversely, the results showed that participants were not more generous toward or more trusting of local speakers compared to non-local speakers. Taken together, the results suggest that humans utilize ethnic markers of unfamiliar individuals to coordinate behavior rather than to cooperate.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftHuman Nature: An Interdisciplinary Biosocial Perspective
Vol/bind26
Nummer2
Sider (fra-til)210-234
Antal sider25
ISSN1045-6767
DOI
StatusUdgivet - jun. 2015

    Forskningsområder

  • Koordination, Samarbejde, Tillid, Accent, Grupper

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