Aarhus Universitets segl

Testicular architecture of men with 46,XX testicular Disorders of Sex Development

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  • Mirkka Hiort, Universität Münster
  • ,
  • Julia Rohayem, Universität Münster
  • ,
  • Regine Knaf, Universität Münster
  • ,
  • Sandra Laurentino, Universität Münster
  • ,
  • Agnethe Berglund
  • Claus H Gravholt
  • Jörg Gromoll, Universität Münster
  • ,
  • Joachim Wistuba, Universität Münster

Background: A subtype of disorders of sex development (DSD) in individuals with a 46,XX karyotype who are phenotypically male is classified as testicular DSD (46,XX TDSD). These individuals develop testes but are infertile due to germ cell loss. However, little is known about their testicular architecture. Methods: We analyzed biopsies of four SRY positive 46,XX TDSD men for testicular architecture, Sertoli (SCs) and Leydig cells (LCs). These were compared with biopsies of men with normal spermatogenesis (NS, n = 4), men with Klinefelter syndrome, 47 XXY (KS, n = 4), and men with AZF deletions (AZF, n = 5). Testicular architecture was evaluated and SCs and LCs were analyzed for specific markers (SC: SOX9, DMRT1; LC: INSL3). Results: A smaller number of tubules, more SOX9-negative but similar proportions of DMRT1-negative SCs were found in 46,XX TDSD compared to NS. The lower number of tubules and severe LC hyperplasia observed in 46,XX TDSD were similar to KS. Conclusion: Testicular architecture and marker expression of SCs and LCs in 46,XX TDSD men display unique patterns, which are discernable from chromosomal aneuploidies. Given the reduced Y-chromosomal gene content in 46,XX TDSD, the supernumerary X chromosome effects may be decisive regarding the damage on testicular composition and endocrine function.

TidsskriftSexual Development
Sider (fra-til)32-42
Antal sider11
StatusUdgivet - aug. 2023

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