Temperature instability of a mutation at a multi-domain junction in Na,K-ATPase isoform ATP1A3 (p.Arg756His) produces a fever-induced neurological syndrome

Elena Arystarkhova, Mads S Toustrup-Jensen, Rikke Holm, Jae-Kyun Ko, Kyung Eun Lee, Polina Feschenko, Laurie J Ozelius, Allison Brashear, Bente Vilsen, Kathleen J Sweadner

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Abstract

ATP1A3 encodes the α3 isoform of Na,K-ATPase. In the brain, it is expressed only in neurons. Human ATP1A3 mutations produce a wide spectrum of phenotypes, but particular syndromes are associated with unique substitutions. For arginine 756, at the junction of membrane and cytoplasmic domains, mutations produce encephalopathy during febrile infections. Here we tested the pathogenicity of p.Arg756His (R756H) in isogenic mammalian cells. R756H protein had sufficient transport activity to support cells when endogenous ATP1A1 was inhibited. It had half the turnover rate of wildtype, reduced affinity for Na +, and increased affinity for K +. There was modest endoplasmic reticulum retention during biosynthesis at 37 °C but little benefit from the folding drug phenylbutyrate (4-PBA), suggesting a tolerated level of misfolding. When cells were incubated at just 39 °C, however, α3 protein level dropped without loss of β subunit, paralleled by an increase of endogenous α1. Elevated temperature resulted in internalization of α3 from the surface along with some β subunit, accompanied by cytoplasmic redistribution of a marker of lysosomes and endosomes, lysosomal-associated membrane protein 1. After return to 37 °C, α3 protein levels recovered with cycloheximide-sensitive new protein synthesis. Heating in vitro showed activity loss at a rate 20- to 30-fold faster than wildtype, indicating a temperature-dependent destabilization of protein structure. Arg756 appears to confer thermal resistance as an anchor, forming hydrogen bonds among four linearly distant parts of the Na,K-ATPase structure. Taken together, our observations are consistent with fever-induced symptoms in patients.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
Artikelnummer102758
TidsskriftThe Journal of Biological Chemistry
Vol/bind299
Nummer1
Antal sider16
ISSN0021-9258
DOI
StatusUdgivet - jan. 2023

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