Teamwork and Adherence to Guideline on Newborn Resuscitation—Video Review of Neonatal Interdisciplinary Teams

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskrift/Konferencebidrag i tidsskrift /Bidrag til avisTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review


  • Lise Brogaard
  • Lone Hvidman
  • ,
  • Gitte Esberg
  • ,
  • Neil Finer, University of California at San Diego
  • ,
  • Kristiane R. Hjorth-Hansen, Aalborg Universitet
  • ,
  • Tanja Manser, University of Applied Sciences Northwestern Switzerland
  • ,
  • Ole Kierkegaard
  • ,
  • Niels Uldbjerg
  • Tine B. Henriksen

Background: Little is known about the importance of non-technical skills for the adherence to guidelines, when teams of midwives, obstetricians, anesthesiologists, and pediatricians resuscitate and support the transition of newborns. Non-technical skills are competences underpinning successful teamwork in healthcare. These are usually referred to as leadership, situational awareness, communication, teamwork, decision making, and coping with stress and fatigue. Objective: By review of videos of teams managing newborns with difficult transition, we aimed to investigate whether the level of the teams' non-technical skills was associated with the degree of adherence to guidelines for newborn resuscitation and transitional support at birth. Methods: Four expert raters independently assessed 43 real-life videos of teams managing newborns with transitional difficulties, two assessed the non-technical score and two assessed the clinical performance. Exposure was the non-technical score, obtained by the Global Assessment Of Team Performance checklist (GAOTP). GAOTP was rated on a Likert Scale 1–5 (1 = poor, 3 = average and 5 = excellent). The outcome was the clinical performance score of the team assessed according to adherence of the European Resuscitation Counsel (ERC) guideline for neonatal resuscitation and transitional support. The ERC guideline was adapted into the checklist TeamOBS-Newborn to facilitate a structured and simple performance assessment (low score 0–60, average 60–84, high 85–100). Interrater agreement was analyzed by intraclass correlation (ICC), Bland-Altman analysis, and Cohen's kappa weighted. The risk of high and low clinical performance was analyzed on the logit scale to meet the assumptions of normality and constant standard deviation. Results: Teams with an excellent non-technical score had a relative risk 5.5 [95% confidence interval (CI) 2.4–22.5] of high clinical performance score compared to teams with average non-technical score. In addition, we found a dose response like association. The specific non-technical skills associated with the highest degree of adherence to guidelines were leadership and teamwork, coping with stress and fatigue, and communication with parents. Inter-rater agreement was high; raters assessing non-technical skills had an interclass coefficient (ICC) 0.88 (95% CI 0.79–0.94); the neonatologists assessing clinical performance had an ICC of 0.81 (95% CI 0.66–0.89). Conclusion: Teams with an excellent non-technical score had five times the chance of high clinical performance compared to teams with average non-technical skills. High performance teams were characterized by good leadership and teamwork, coping with stress, and fatigue and communication with parents.

TidsskriftFrontiers in pediatrics
StatusUdgivet - feb. 2022

Bibliografisk note

Funding Information:
We thank the following organizations and departments for financial support: Tryg Foundation (Trygfonden) (Grant ID No. 109507); the Regional Hospital in Horsens, the Aarhus University Hospital, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology; and the Regional Postgraduate Medical Education Administration Office North.

Publisher Copyright:
Copyright © 2022 Brogaard, Hvidman, Esberg, Finer, Hjorth-Hansen, Manser, Kierkegaard, Uldbjerg and Henriksen.

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