Tamoxifen Affects Aquaporin-3 Expression and Subcellular Localization in Rat and Human Renal Collecting Ducts

Stine Julie Hyldal Tingskov, Mariagrazia D’Agostino, Frédéric H. Login, Grazia Tamma, Lene Niemann Nejsum, Rikke Nørregaard*

*Corresponding author af dette arbejde

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Sex hormones play an important role in the regulation of water homeostasis, and we have previously shown that tamoxifen (TAM), a selective estrogen receptor modulator (SERM), affects the regulation of aquaporin (AQP)-2. In this study, we investigated the effect of TAM on the expression and localization of AQP3 in collecting ducts using various animal, tissue, and cell models. The impact of TAM on AQP3 regulation was studied in rats subjected to 7 days of unilateral ureteral obstruction (UUO), with the rats fed a lithium-containing diet to induce nephrogenic diabetes insipidus (NDI), as well as in human precision-cut kidney slices (PCKS). Moreover, intracellular trafficking of AQP3 after TAM treatment was investigated in Madin-Darby Canine Kidney (MDCK) cells stably expressing AQP3. In all models, the expression of AQP3 was evaluated by Western blotting, immunohistochemistry and qPCR. TAM administration attenuated UUO-induced downregulation of AQP3 and affected the localization of AQP3 in both the UUO model and the lithium-induced NDI model. In parallel, TAM also affected the expression profile of other basolateral proteins, including AQP4 and Na/K-ATPase. In addition, TGF-β and TGF-β+TAM treatment affected the localization of AQP3 in stably transfected MDCK cells, and TAM partly attenuated the reduced AQP3 expression in TGF-β exposed human tissue slices. These findings suggest that TAM attenuates the downregulation of AQP3 in a UUO model and a lithium-induced NDI model and affects the intracellular localization in the collecting ducts.

Antal sider14
StatusUdgivet - apr. 2023


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