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Taf14 is required for the stabilization of transcription pre-initiation complex in Saccharomyces cerevisiae

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  • Kadri Peil, University of Tartu
  • ,
  • Henel Jürgens, University of Tartu
  • ,
  • Johanna Luige
  • Kersti Kristjuhan, University of Tartu
  • ,
  • Arnold Kristjuhan, University of Tartu

Background: The YEATS domain is a highly conserved protein structure that interacts with acetylated and crotonylated lysine residues in N-terminal tails of histones. The budding yeast genome encodes three YEATS domain proteins (Taf14, Yaf9, and Sas5) that are all the subunits of different complexes involved in histone acetylation, gene transcription, and chromatin remodeling. As the strains deficient in all these three genes are inviable, it has been proposed that the YEATS domain is essential in yeast. In this study we investigate in more detail the requirement of YEATS domain proteins for yeast survival and the possible roles of Taf14 YEATS domain in the regulation of gene transcription. Results: We found that YEATS domains are not essential for the survival of Saccharomyces cerevisiae cells. Although the full deletion of all YEATS proteins is lethal in yeast, we show that the viability of cells can be restored by the expression of the YEATS-less version of Taf14 protein. We also explore the in vivo functions of Taf14 protein and show that the primary role of its YEATS domain is to stabilize the transcription pre-initiation complex (PIC). Our results indicate that Taf14-mediated interactions become crucial for PIC formation in rpb9Δcells, where the recruitment of TFIIF to the PIC is hampered. Although H3 K9 residue has been identified as the interaction site of the Taf14 YEATS domain in vitro, we found that it is not the only interaction target in vivo. Conclusions: Lethality of YEATS-deficient cells can be rescued by the expression of truncated Taf14 protein lacking the entire YEATS domain, indicating that the YEATS domains are not required for cell survival. The YEATS domain of Taf14 participates in PIC stabilization and acetylated/crotonylated H3K9 is not the critical target of the Taf14 YEATS domain in vivo.

TidsskriftEpigenetics and Chromatin
StatusUdgivet - maj 2020

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