Surgeons' posture and muscle strain during laparoscopic and robotic surgery

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskrift/Konferencebidrag i tidsskrift /Bidrag til avisTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review


  • T. Dalager, Syddansk Universitet, Odense University Hospital
  • ,
  • P. T. Jensen
  • J. R. Eriksen, Københavns Universitet
  • ,
  • H. L. Jakobsen, Københavns Universitet
  • ,
  • O. Mogensen
  • K. Sogaard, Syddansk Universitet, Odense University Hospital

Background It is assumed that conventional laparoscopy (LAP) and robotic-assisted laparoscopic surgery (RALS) differ in terms of the surgeon's comfort. This study compared muscle workload, work posture and perceived physical exertion of surgeons performing LAP or RALS. Methods Colorectal surgeons with experience in advanced LAP and RALS performed one of each operation. Bipolar surface electromyography (EMG) recordings were made from forearm, shoulder and neck muscles, and expressed relative to EMG maximum (%EMG(max)). The static, median and peak levels of muscle activity were calculated, and an exposure variation analysis undertaken. Postural observations were carried out every 10 min, and ratings of perceived physical exertion before and after surgery were recorded. Results The study included 13 surgeons. Surgeons performing LAP showed higher static, median, and peak forearm muscle activity than those undertaking RALS. Muscle activity at peak level was higher during RALS than LAP. Exposure variation analysis demonstrated long-lasting periods of low-level intensity muscle activity in the shoulders for LAP, in the forearms for RALS, and in the neck for both procedures. Postural observations revealed a greater need for a change in work posture when performing LAP compared with RALS. Perceived physical exertion was no different between the surgical modalities. Conclusion Minimally invasive surgery requires long-term static muscle activity with a high physical workload for surgeons. RALS is less demanding on posture.

TidsskriftBritish Journal of Surgery
Sider (fra-til)756-766
Antal sider11
StatusUdgivet - maj 2020

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