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Strains of the soil fungus Mortierella show different degradation potentials for the phenylurea herbicide diuron

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Strains of the soil fungus Mortierella show different degradation potentials for the phenylurea herbicide diuron. / Ellegaard-Jensen, Lea; Aamand, Jens; Kragelund, Birthe B.; Johnsen, Anders H.; Rosendahl, Soren.

I: Biodegradation, Bind 24, Nr. 6, 11.2013, s. 765-774.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskrift/Konferencebidrag i tidsskrift /Bidrag til avisTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

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Ellegaard-Jensen, Lea ; Aamand, Jens ; Kragelund, Birthe B. ; Johnsen, Anders H. ; Rosendahl, Soren. / Strains of the soil fungus Mortierella show different degradation potentials for the phenylurea herbicide diuron. I: Biodegradation. 2013 ; Bind 24, Nr. 6. s. 765-774.

Bibtex

@article{6658d3eedfc7429baebfc157a6b13e4e,
title = "Strains of the soil fungus Mortierella show different degradation potentials for the phenylurea herbicide diuron",
abstract = "Microbial pesticide degradation studies have until now mainly focused on bacteria, although fungi have also been shown to degrade pesticides. In this study we clarify the background for the ability of the common soil fungus Mortierella to degrade the phenylurea herbicide diuron. Diuron degradation potentials of five Mortierella strains were compared, and the role of carbon and nitrogen for the degradation process was investigated. Results showed that the ability to degrade diuron varied greatly among the Mortierella strains tested, and the strains able to degrade diuron were closely related. Degradation of diuron was fastest in carbon and nitrogen rich media while suboptimal nutrient levels restricted degradation, making it unlikely that Mortierella utilize diuron as carbon or nitrogen sources. Degradation kinetics showed that diuron degradation was followed by formation of the metabolites 1-(3,4-dichlorophenyl)-3-methylurea, 1-(3,4-dichlorophenyl)urea and an hitherto unknown metabolite suggested to be 1-(3,4-dichlorophenyl)-3-methylideneurea.",
keywords = "Fungal biodegradation, Co-metabolism, Pesticide, Fungal genetics, Phylogenetic relationships, MINERALIZATION, ISOPROTURON, BIODEGRADATION, IDENTIFICATION, CHLOROTOLURON, METABOLITES",
author = "Lea Ellegaard-Jensen and Jens Aamand and Kragelund, {Birthe B.} and Johnsen, {Anders H.} and Soren Rosendahl",
year = "2013",
month = nov,
doi = "10.1007/s10532-013-9624-7",
language = "English",
volume = "24",
pages = "765--774",
journal = "Biodegradation",
issn = "0923-9820",
publisher = "Springer",
number = "6",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Strains of the soil fungus Mortierella show different degradation potentials for the phenylurea herbicide diuron

AU - Ellegaard-Jensen, Lea

AU - Aamand, Jens

AU - Kragelund, Birthe B.

AU - Johnsen, Anders H.

AU - Rosendahl, Soren

PY - 2013/11

Y1 - 2013/11

N2 - Microbial pesticide degradation studies have until now mainly focused on bacteria, although fungi have also been shown to degrade pesticides. In this study we clarify the background for the ability of the common soil fungus Mortierella to degrade the phenylurea herbicide diuron. Diuron degradation potentials of five Mortierella strains were compared, and the role of carbon and nitrogen for the degradation process was investigated. Results showed that the ability to degrade diuron varied greatly among the Mortierella strains tested, and the strains able to degrade diuron were closely related. Degradation of diuron was fastest in carbon and nitrogen rich media while suboptimal nutrient levels restricted degradation, making it unlikely that Mortierella utilize diuron as carbon or nitrogen sources. Degradation kinetics showed that diuron degradation was followed by formation of the metabolites 1-(3,4-dichlorophenyl)-3-methylurea, 1-(3,4-dichlorophenyl)urea and an hitherto unknown metabolite suggested to be 1-(3,4-dichlorophenyl)-3-methylideneurea.

AB - Microbial pesticide degradation studies have until now mainly focused on bacteria, although fungi have also been shown to degrade pesticides. In this study we clarify the background for the ability of the common soil fungus Mortierella to degrade the phenylurea herbicide diuron. Diuron degradation potentials of five Mortierella strains were compared, and the role of carbon and nitrogen for the degradation process was investigated. Results showed that the ability to degrade diuron varied greatly among the Mortierella strains tested, and the strains able to degrade diuron were closely related. Degradation of diuron was fastest in carbon and nitrogen rich media while suboptimal nutrient levels restricted degradation, making it unlikely that Mortierella utilize diuron as carbon or nitrogen sources. Degradation kinetics showed that diuron degradation was followed by formation of the metabolites 1-(3,4-dichlorophenyl)-3-methylurea, 1-(3,4-dichlorophenyl)urea and an hitherto unknown metabolite suggested to be 1-(3,4-dichlorophenyl)-3-methylideneurea.

KW - Fungal biodegradation

KW - Co-metabolism

KW - Pesticide

KW - Fungal genetics

KW - Phylogenetic relationships

KW - MINERALIZATION

KW - ISOPROTURON

KW - BIODEGRADATION

KW - IDENTIFICATION

KW - CHLOROTOLURON

KW - METABOLITES

U2 - 10.1007/s10532-013-9624-7

DO - 10.1007/s10532-013-9624-7

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 23361127

VL - 24

SP - 765

EP - 774

JO - Biodegradation

JF - Biodegradation

SN - 0923-9820

IS - 6

ER -