Status and trends in Arctic vegetation: Evidence from experimental warming and long-term monitoring

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskrift/Konferencebidrag i tidsskrift /Bidrag til avisTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

DOI

  • Anne D. Bjorkman, Senckenberg Biodiversity and Climate Research Centre (SBiK-F)
  • ,
  • Mariana García Criado
  • Isla H. Myers-Smith, Edinburgh University
  • ,
  • Virve Ravolainen, Norwegian Polar Institute
  • ,
  • Ingibjörg Svala Jónsdóttir, University of Iceland
  • ,
  • Kristine Bakke Westergaard, Norwegian Institute for Nature Research
  • ,
  • James P. Lawler, United States Geological Survey
  • ,
  • Mora Aronsson, Sveriges Lantbruksuniversitet
  • ,
  • Bruce Bennett, Yukon Conservation Data Centre
  • ,
  • Hans Gardfjell, Sveriges Lantbruksuniversitet
  • ,
  • Starri Heiðmarsson, Icelandic Institute of Natural History
  • ,
  • Laerke Stewart
  • ,
  • Signe Normand

Changes in Arctic vegetation can have important implications for trophic interactions and ecosystem functioning leading to climate feedbacks. Plot-based vegetation surveys provide detailed insight into vegetation changes at sites around the Arctic and improve our ability to predict the impacts of environmental change on tundra ecosystems. Here, we review studies of changes in plant community composition and phenology from both long-term monitoring and warming experiments in Arctic environments. We find that Arctic plant communities and species are generally sensitive to warming, but trends over a period of time are heterogeneous and complex and do not always mirror expectations based on responses to experimental manipulations. Our findings highlight the need for more geographically widespread, integrated, and comprehensive monitoring efforts that can better resolve the interacting effects of warming and other local and regional ecological factors.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftAMBIO
Vol/bind49
Nummer3
Sider (fra-til)678-692
Antal sider15
ISSN0044-7447
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 2020

Se relationer på Aarhus Universitet Citationsformater

ID: 180674859