Stability of Lisdexamfetamine in Sampled Whole Blood – Implications of Sampling Tube Additives and Storage Temperature for Interpretation of Impairment

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Abstract

Lisdexamfetamine (LDX) is a prodrug that is enzymatically converted into dextroamphetamine (d-AMP), a central nervous system stimulant. The stability of LDX in sampled whole blood is an important issue that may be crucial in the assessment of impaired driving caused by d-AMP. This study investigated the stability of LDX in whole blood collected in two different tubes containing a fluoride oxalate (FX) mixture and a fluoride citrate (FC) mixture. Without additives, LDX was unstable. LDX was also unstable in FX blood stored at ambient temperature or 4°C. After 3 days of storage at ambient temperature, an initial LDX concentration of 47 ± 1 ng/g (mean ± SD) was no longer detectable in the samples (n = 3). Instead, 19 ± 0.6 ng/g d-AMP was formed. The stability was improved at 4°C. After 7 days of storage at 4°C, 88 ± 5% of an initial LDX concentration of 50 ± 0.4 ng/g was recovered and 3.8 ± 0.3 ng/g d-AMP was formed. The stability of LDX was greater in FC blood than in FX blood; 79 ± 10% and 93 ± 4% of initial LDX concentrations of 48 ± 2 and 51 ± 0.5 ng/g were recovered from FC blood after 7 days of storage at ambient temperature and 4°C, respectively, and the corresponding formation of d-AMP was 5.8 ± 0.6 and 0.5 ± 0.3 ng/g, respectively. When FX and FC blood were stored at -20°C or -80°C, no detectable degradation of LDX or formation of d-AMP was observed after 3 weeks of storage.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftJournal of Analytical Toxicology
Vol/bind47
Nummer1
Sider (fra-til)33-42
Antal sider6
ISSN0146-4760
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 2023

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