Spontaneous Past and Future Thinking About the COVID-19 Pandemic Across 14 Countries: Effects of Individual and Country-Level COVID-19 Impact Indicators

Scott N. Cole*, Ioanna Markostamou, Lynn Ann Watson, Krystian Barzykowski, İrem Ergen, Andrea Taylor, Sezin Öner

*Corresponding author af dette arbejde

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskrift/Konferencebidrag i tidsskrift /Bidrag til avisTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

Abstract

In 2020, the world was amid a global health crisis—the COVID-19 pandemic. Nations had varying levels of morbidity and mortality and adopted different measures to prevent the spread of infection. Effects of the pandemic on spontaneous (rather than voluntary) past and future thoughts remain unexplored. Here, we report data from amulticountry online study examining how both country and individual-level factors are associated with this core aspect of human cognition. Results showed that national (stringency ofmeasures) and individual (attention to COVID-related information and worry) factors separately and jointly predicted the frequency of people’s pandemic-related spontaneous thoughts. Additionally, no typical positivity biaseswere found, as both past and future spontaneous thoughts had a negative emotional valence. This large-scale multinational study provides novel insights toward better understanding the emergence and qualities of spontaneous past and future thoughts. Findings are discussed in terms of the determinants and functions of spontaneous thought.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftJournal of Applied Research in Memory and Cognition
Vol/bind12
Nummer4
Sider (fra-til)502-512
Antal sider11
ISSN2211-3681
DOI
StatusUdgivet - dec. 2023

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