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Sordarin derivatives induce a novel conformation of the yeast ribosome translocation factor eEF2

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  • Rikke Søe, Danmark
  • R.T. Mosley, Merck Res. Lab., USA
  • M. Justice, Merck Res. Lab., USA
  • J. Nielsen-Kahn, Merck Res. Lab., USA
  • M. Shastry, Merck Res. Lab., USA
  • A.R. Merrill, Uni. Guelph, Canada
  • Gregers Rom Andersen
  • Molekylærbiologisk Institut
The sordarins are fungal specific inhibitors of the translation factor eEF2, which catalyses the translocation of tRNA and mRNA after peptide bond formation. We have determined the crystal structures of eEF2 in complex with two novel sordarin derivatives. In both structures, the three domains of eEF2 that form the ligand binding pocket are oriented in a different manner relative to the rest of eEF2 compared to our previous structure of eEF2 in complex with the parent natural product sordarin. Yeast eEF2 is also shown to bind adenylic nucleotides, which can be displaced by sordarin, suggesting that ADP or ATP also bind to the three C-terminal domains of eEF2. Fusidic acid is a universal inhibitor of translation that targets EF-G or eEF2, and is widely used as an antibiotic against gram positive bacteria. Based on mutations conferring resistance to fusidic acid, cryo-EM reconstructions, and X-ray structures of eEF2, EF-G and an EF-G homologue, we suggest that the conformation of EF-G stalled on the 70S ribosome by fusidic acid is similar to that of eEF2 trapped on the 80S ribosome by sordarin.
TidsskriftJournal of Biological Chemistry
Sider (fra-til)657-666
Antal sider10
StatusUdgivet - 2007

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