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Soil N2O emission from organic and conventional cotton farming in Northern Tanzania

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Soil N2O emission from organic and conventional cotton farming in Northern Tanzania. / Bwana, Thomas N.; Amuri, Nyambilila A.; Semu, Ernest; Elsgaard, Lars; Butterbach-Bahl, Klaus; Pelster, David E.; Olesen, Jørgen Eivind.

I: Science of the total Environment, Bind 785, 147301, 09.2021.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskrift/Konferencebidrag i tidsskrift /Bidrag til avisTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

Harvard

Bwana, TN, Amuri, NA, Semu, E, Elsgaard, L, Butterbach-Bahl, K, Pelster, DE & Olesen, JE 2021, 'Soil N2O emission from organic and conventional cotton farming in Northern Tanzania', Science of the total Environment, bind 785, 147301. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2021.147301

APA

Bwana, T. N., Amuri, N. A., Semu, E., Elsgaard, L., Butterbach-Bahl, K., Pelster, D. E., & Olesen, J. E. (2021). Soil N2O emission from organic and conventional cotton farming in Northern Tanzania. Science of the total Environment, 785, [147301]. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2021.147301

CBE

Bwana TN, Amuri NA, Semu E, Elsgaard L, Butterbach-Bahl K, Pelster DE, Olesen JE. 2021. Soil N2O emission from organic and conventional cotton farming in Northern Tanzania. Science of the total Environment. 785:Article 147301. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2021.147301

MLA

Vancouver

Bwana TN, Amuri NA, Semu E, Elsgaard L, Butterbach-Bahl K, Pelster DE o.a. Soil N2O emission from organic and conventional cotton farming in Northern Tanzania. Science of the total Environment. 2021 sep;785. 147301. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2021.147301

Author

Bwana, Thomas N. ; Amuri, Nyambilila A. ; Semu, Ernest ; Elsgaard, Lars ; Butterbach-Bahl, Klaus ; Pelster, David E. ; Olesen, Jørgen Eivind. / Soil N2O emission from organic and conventional cotton farming in Northern Tanzania. I: Science of the total Environment. 2021 ; Bind 785.

Bibtex

@article{20ff3ac5960d48b5995d07fb678bd3c2,
title = "Soil N2O emission from organic and conventional cotton farming in Northern Tanzania",
abstract = "The effort to increase the sustainable supply of food and fibre is challenged by the potential for increased greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from farming systems with intensified production systems. This study aimed at quantifying soil N2O emissions from smallholder organic and conventional cotton production practices in a semi-arid area, Meatu, Northern Tanzania. Field experiments were conducted to quantify N2O emissions under (i) current practices with organic (3 Mg ha−1 farmyard manure (FYM)) and conventional (30 kg mineral N ha−1) cultivation; (ii) a high input practice with organic (5 Mg ha−1 FYM) and conventional (60 kg mineral N ha−1) cultivation; and (iii) an integrated practice with organic (3 Mg FYM + legume intercropping) and conventional (30 kg N + 3 Mg ha−1 FYM) cultivation. In both organic and conventional farming, control treatments with no fertilizer application were included. The study was performed over two growing seasons, where season 1 was rather wet and season 2 was rather dry. Static chambers were used for in-situ measurement of N2O emission from soil. The current organic and conventional cotton farming practices did not differ (P > 0.05) in cumulative area-scaled and yield-scaled N2O emissions. High input conventional cotton showed higher area scaled N2O emissions than organic cotton during the wetter season, but not during the drier season. The inorganic fertilizer + FYM combination did not differ (P > 0.05) in area- and yield-scaled N2O emissions from conventional practice. Intercropping cotton and legumes did not affect (P > 0.05) N2O emission compared to 3 Mg FYM ha−1. The emission factors for both conventional and organic systems were generally above 1% in the dry season 2, but below 1% in the wetter season 1. The use of organic and inorganic fertilizers at rates up to 60 kg N ha−1, FYM-inorganic fertilizer combination, and cotton-legume intercropping increased yields, while N2O emissions stayed low, in particular with use of mineral fertilizers.",
keywords = "Cotton, Fertilizer, Greenhouse gas, Intercropping, Manure, Nitrous oxide",
author = "Bwana, {Thomas N.} and Amuri, {Nyambilila A.} and Ernest Semu and Lars Elsgaard and Klaus Butterbach-Bahl and Pelster, {David E.} and Olesen, {J{\o}rgen Eivind}",
note = "Publisher Copyright: {\textcopyright} 2021 Elsevier B.V.",
year = "2021",
month = sep,
doi = "10.1016/j.scitotenv.2021.147301",
language = "English",
volume = "785",
journal = "Science of the Total Environment",
issn = "0048-9697",
publisher = "Elsevier BV",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Soil N2O emission from organic and conventional cotton farming in Northern Tanzania

AU - Bwana, Thomas N.

AU - Amuri, Nyambilila A.

AU - Semu, Ernest

AU - Elsgaard, Lars

AU - Butterbach-Bahl, Klaus

AU - Pelster, David E.

AU - Olesen, Jørgen Eivind

N1 - Publisher Copyright: © 2021 Elsevier B.V.

PY - 2021/9

Y1 - 2021/9

N2 - The effort to increase the sustainable supply of food and fibre is challenged by the potential for increased greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from farming systems with intensified production systems. This study aimed at quantifying soil N2O emissions from smallholder organic and conventional cotton production practices in a semi-arid area, Meatu, Northern Tanzania. Field experiments were conducted to quantify N2O emissions under (i) current practices with organic (3 Mg ha−1 farmyard manure (FYM)) and conventional (30 kg mineral N ha−1) cultivation; (ii) a high input practice with organic (5 Mg ha−1 FYM) and conventional (60 kg mineral N ha−1) cultivation; and (iii) an integrated practice with organic (3 Mg FYM + legume intercropping) and conventional (30 kg N + 3 Mg ha−1 FYM) cultivation. In both organic and conventional farming, control treatments with no fertilizer application were included. The study was performed over two growing seasons, where season 1 was rather wet and season 2 was rather dry. Static chambers were used for in-situ measurement of N2O emission from soil. The current organic and conventional cotton farming practices did not differ (P > 0.05) in cumulative area-scaled and yield-scaled N2O emissions. High input conventional cotton showed higher area scaled N2O emissions than organic cotton during the wetter season, but not during the drier season. The inorganic fertilizer + FYM combination did not differ (P > 0.05) in area- and yield-scaled N2O emissions from conventional practice. Intercropping cotton and legumes did not affect (P > 0.05) N2O emission compared to 3 Mg FYM ha−1. The emission factors for both conventional and organic systems were generally above 1% in the dry season 2, but below 1% in the wetter season 1. The use of organic and inorganic fertilizers at rates up to 60 kg N ha−1, FYM-inorganic fertilizer combination, and cotton-legume intercropping increased yields, while N2O emissions stayed low, in particular with use of mineral fertilizers.

AB - The effort to increase the sustainable supply of food and fibre is challenged by the potential for increased greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from farming systems with intensified production systems. This study aimed at quantifying soil N2O emissions from smallholder organic and conventional cotton production practices in a semi-arid area, Meatu, Northern Tanzania. Field experiments were conducted to quantify N2O emissions under (i) current practices with organic (3 Mg ha−1 farmyard manure (FYM)) and conventional (30 kg mineral N ha−1) cultivation; (ii) a high input practice with organic (5 Mg ha−1 FYM) and conventional (60 kg mineral N ha−1) cultivation; and (iii) an integrated practice with organic (3 Mg FYM + legume intercropping) and conventional (30 kg N + 3 Mg ha−1 FYM) cultivation. In both organic and conventional farming, control treatments with no fertilizer application were included. The study was performed over two growing seasons, where season 1 was rather wet and season 2 was rather dry. Static chambers were used for in-situ measurement of N2O emission from soil. The current organic and conventional cotton farming practices did not differ (P > 0.05) in cumulative area-scaled and yield-scaled N2O emissions. High input conventional cotton showed higher area scaled N2O emissions than organic cotton during the wetter season, but not during the drier season. The inorganic fertilizer + FYM combination did not differ (P > 0.05) in area- and yield-scaled N2O emissions from conventional practice. Intercropping cotton and legumes did not affect (P > 0.05) N2O emission compared to 3 Mg FYM ha−1. The emission factors for both conventional and organic systems were generally above 1% in the dry season 2, but below 1% in the wetter season 1. The use of organic and inorganic fertilizers at rates up to 60 kg N ha−1, FYM-inorganic fertilizer combination, and cotton-legume intercropping increased yields, while N2O emissions stayed low, in particular with use of mineral fertilizers.

KW - Cotton

KW - Fertilizer

KW - Greenhouse gas

KW - Intercropping

KW - Manure

KW - Nitrous oxide

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85105268042&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2021.147301

DO - 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2021.147301

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 33933767

AN - SCOPUS:85105268042

VL - 785

JO - Science of the Total Environment

JF - Science of the Total Environment

SN - 0048-9697

M1 - 147301

ER -