SNP-based detection of allelic imbalance: A novel approach for identifying KIAA1549-BRAF fusion in pilocytic astrocytoma using DNA sequencing

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Pilocytic astrocytoma (PA) is the most common glioma subtype found in children, and it is a non-malignant tumor type. The majority of PAs is caused by an approximately 2 Mb tandem duplication within 7q34 which creates an in-frame KIAA1549-BRAF fusion gene. The kinase domain of BRAF is fused to the N-terminal of KIAA1549, whereby BRAF is constitutively activated. We here present a novel approach for identifying KIAA1549-BRAF fusion based on single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) analysis and next generation sequencing (NGS). Highly polymorphic SNPs in the duplicated area and in adjacent areas were selected and a custom targeted amplicon based NGS panel was designed. The panel was tested on DNA extracted from formalin fixed and paraffin embedded tissue from a retrospective cohort, consisting of biopsies from patients with PA, anaplastic astrocytoma, oligodendroglioma and glioblastoma as well as two non-tumor biopsies. The panel could distinguish chromosome 7 gain from BRAF fusion and correctly identified 8/9 PA samples with KIAA1549-BRAF fusion confirmed by RNA sequencing. The one biopsy where no fusion was detected was fresh frozen and from the RNA sequencing expected to have very low tumor content. No allelic imbalance was detected in either oligodendroglioma or in the non-tumor biopsies.

TidsskriftExperimental and Molecular Pathology
StatusUdgivet - jun. 2021

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