Smooth or smothering? The self-cleaning potential and photosynthetic effects of oil spill on arctic macro-algae Fucus distichus

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Smooth or smothering? The self-cleaning potential and photosynthetic effects of oil spill on arctic macro-algae Fucus distichus. / Wegeberg, Susse; Hansson, Sophia V.; van Beest, Floris M.; Fritt-Rasmussen, Janne; Gustavson, Kim.

I: Marine Pollution Bulletin, Bind 150, 110604, 2020.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskrift/Konferencebidrag i tidsskrift /Bidrag til avisTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

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@article{17fe74df2e87457b9da929abec1f5b3a,
title = "Smooth or smothering? The self-cleaning potential and photosynthetic effects of oil spill on arctic macro-algae Fucus distichus",
abstract = "Due to increased sea transport and offshore gas and oil exploration, the Arctic is facing an unprecedented risk of marine oil spills. Although beached oil spills can lead to acute and chronic impacts on intertidal ecosystems, the effects of oil spills on macro-algae in Arctic ecosystems is lacking. Here, we assessed the effect and response of the tidal macro-algae Fucus distichus to oiling, i.e. self-cleaning potential by seawater wash and photosynthetic activity. Oiling with four oil types (ANS, Grane, IFO30 and MGO) was simulated by exposing F. distichus tips to oil. Oil removal half-times ranged between 0.8 - 4.5 days, indicating that oiling of macro-algae with the tested oils was short-term. Further, Grane oil mostly inhibited photosynthetic activity whereas oil from ANS, IFO30 and MGO stimulated it. The photosynthetic activity of F. distichus continued to be affected (inhibited or stimulated), even after oil on the tip surface was washed off.",
keywords = "Fucus distichus, Oil spill, Photosynthetic activity, Self-cleaning potential, Smothering, Tidal zone",
author = "Susse Wegeberg and Hansson, {Sophia V.} and {van Beest}, {Floris M.} and Janne Fritt-Rasmussen and Kim Gustavson",
year = "2020",
doi = "10.1016/j.marpolbul.2019.110604",
language = "English",
volume = "150",
journal = "Marine Pollution Bulletin",
issn = "0025-326X",
publisher = "Elsevier Ltd",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Smooth or smothering? The self-cleaning potential and photosynthetic effects of oil spill on arctic macro-algae Fucus distichus

AU - Wegeberg, Susse

AU - Hansson, Sophia V.

AU - van Beest, Floris M.

AU - Fritt-Rasmussen, Janne

AU - Gustavson, Kim

PY - 2020

Y1 - 2020

N2 - Due to increased sea transport and offshore gas and oil exploration, the Arctic is facing an unprecedented risk of marine oil spills. Although beached oil spills can lead to acute and chronic impacts on intertidal ecosystems, the effects of oil spills on macro-algae in Arctic ecosystems is lacking. Here, we assessed the effect and response of the tidal macro-algae Fucus distichus to oiling, i.e. self-cleaning potential by seawater wash and photosynthetic activity. Oiling with four oil types (ANS, Grane, IFO30 and MGO) was simulated by exposing F. distichus tips to oil. Oil removal half-times ranged between 0.8 - 4.5 days, indicating that oiling of macro-algae with the tested oils was short-term. Further, Grane oil mostly inhibited photosynthetic activity whereas oil from ANS, IFO30 and MGO stimulated it. The photosynthetic activity of F. distichus continued to be affected (inhibited or stimulated), even after oil on the tip surface was washed off.

AB - Due to increased sea transport and offshore gas and oil exploration, the Arctic is facing an unprecedented risk of marine oil spills. Although beached oil spills can lead to acute and chronic impacts on intertidal ecosystems, the effects of oil spills on macro-algae in Arctic ecosystems is lacking. Here, we assessed the effect and response of the tidal macro-algae Fucus distichus to oiling, i.e. self-cleaning potential by seawater wash and photosynthetic activity. Oiling with four oil types (ANS, Grane, IFO30 and MGO) was simulated by exposing F. distichus tips to oil. Oil removal half-times ranged between 0.8 - 4.5 days, indicating that oiling of macro-algae with the tested oils was short-term. Further, Grane oil mostly inhibited photosynthetic activity whereas oil from ANS, IFO30 and MGO stimulated it. The photosynthetic activity of F. distichus continued to be affected (inhibited or stimulated), even after oil on the tip surface was washed off.

KW - Fucus distichus

KW - Oil spill

KW - Photosynthetic activity

KW - Self-cleaning potential

KW - Smothering

KW - Tidal zone

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85074148135&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.marpolbul.2019.110604

DO - 10.1016/j.marpolbul.2019.110604

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 31671350

AN - SCOPUS:85074148135

VL - 150

JO - Marine Pollution Bulletin

JF - Marine Pollution Bulletin

SN - 0025-326X

M1 - 110604

ER -