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Small artificial waterbodies are widespread and persistent emitters of methane and carbon dioxide

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Small artificial waterbodies are widespread and persistent emitters of methane and carbon dioxide. / Peacock, M; Audet, J; Bastviken, D; Cook, S; Evans, C.D; Grinham, A; Holgerson, M.A; Högbom, L; Pickard, A.E; Zieliński, P; Futter, M.N.

I: Global change biology, Bind 27, Nr. 20, 10.2021, s. 5109-5123.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskrift/Konferencebidrag i tidsskrift /Bidrag til avisTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

Harvard

Peacock, M, Audet, J, Bastviken, D, Cook, S, Evans, CD, Grinham, A, Holgerson, MA, Högbom, L, Pickard, AE, Zieliński, P & Futter, MN 2021, 'Small artificial waterbodies are widespread and persistent emitters of methane and carbon dioxide', Global change biology, bind 27, nr. 20, s. 5109-5123. https://doi.org/10.1111/gcb.15762

APA

Peacock, M., Audet, J., Bastviken, D., Cook, S., Evans, C. D., Grinham, A., Holgerson, M. A., Högbom, L., Pickard, A. E., Zieliński, P., & Futter, M. N. (2021). Small artificial waterbodies are widespread and persistent emitters of methane and carbon dioxide. Global change biology, 27(20), 5109-5123. https://doi.org/10.1111/gcb.15762

CBE

Peacock M, Audet J, Bastviken D, Cook S, Evans CD, Grinham A, Holgerson MA, Högbom L, Pickard AE, Zieliński P, Futter MN. 2021. Small artificial waterbodies are widespread and persistent emitters of methane and carbon dioxide. Global change biology. 27(20):5109-5123. https://doi.org/10.1111/gcb.15762

MLA

Vancouver

Peacock M, Audet J, Bastviken D, Cook S, Evans CD, Grinham A o.a. Small artificial waterbodies are widespread and persistent emitters of methane and carbon dioxide. Global change biology. 2021 okt;27(20):5109-5123. https://doi.org/10.1111/gcb.15762

Author

Peacock, M ; Audet, J ; Bastviken, D ; Cook, S ; Evans, C.D ; Grinham, A ; Holgerson, M.A ; Högbom, L ; Pickard, A.E ; Zieliński, P ; Futter, M.N. / Small artificial waterbodies are widespread and persistent emitters of methane and carbon dioxide. I: Global change biology. 2021 ; Bind 27, Nr. 20. s. 5109-5123.

Bibtex

@article{7c5019c27115418895eb05b08dd494d0,
title = "Small artificial waterbodies are widespread and persistent emitters of methane and carbon dioxide",
abstract = "Abstract Inland waters play an active role in the global carbon cycle and emit large volumes of the greenhouse gases (GHGs) methane (CH4) and carbon dioxide (CO2). A considerable body of research has improved emissions estimates from lakes, reservoirs, and rivers but recent attention has been drawn to the importance of small, artificial waterbodies as poorly quantified but potentially important emission hotspots. Of particular interest are emissions from drainage ditches and constructed ponds. These waterbody types are prevalent in many landscapes and their cumulative surface areas can be substantial. Furthermore, GHG emissions from constructed waterbodies are anthropogenic in origin and form part of national emissions reporting, whereas emissions from natural water bodies do not (according to Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change guidelines). Here, we present GHG data from two complementary studies covering a range of land uses. In the first, we measured emissions from nine ponds and seven ditches over a full year. Annual emissions varied considerably: 0.1 ? 44.3 g CH4 m-2 yr-1 and -36 ? 4421 g CO2 m-2 yr-1. In the second, we measured GHG concentrations in 96 ponds and 64 ditches across seven countries, covering subtropical, temperate and sub-arctic biomes. When CH4 emissions were converted to CO2 equivalents, 93% of waterbodies were GHG sources. In both studies, GHGs were positively related to nutrient status (C, N, P), and pond GHG concentrations were highest in smallest waterbodies. Ditch and pond emissions were larger per unit area when compared to equivalent natural systems (streams, natural ponds). We show that GHG emissions from natural systems should not be used as proxies for those from artificial waterbodies, and that artificial waterbodies have the potential to make a substantial but largely unquantified contribution to emissions from the Agriculture, Forestry and Other Land Use sector, and the global carbon cycle.",
keywords = "Ditch, drainage, greenhouse gas, inland waters, pond, stream",
author = "M Peacock and J Audet and D Bastviken and S Cook and C.D Evans and A Grinham and M.A Holgerson and L H{\"o}gbom and A.E Pickard and P Zieli{\'n}ski and M.N Futter",
note = "{\textcopyright} 2021 The Authors. Global Change Biology published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.",
year = "2021",
month = oct,
doi = "10.1111/gcb.15762",
language = "English",
volume = "27",
pages = "5109--5123",
journal = "Global Change Biology",
issn = "1354-1013",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell Publishing Ltd.",
number = "20",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Small artificial waterbodies are widespread and persistent emitters of methane and carbon dioxide

AU - Peacock, M

AU - Audet, J

AU - Bastviken, D

AU - Cook, S

AU - Evans, C.D

AU - Grinham, A

AU - Holgerson, M.A

AU - Högbom, L

AU - Pickard, A.E

AU - Zieliński, P

AU - Futter, M.N

N1 - © 2021 The Authors. Global Change Biology published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

PY - 2021/10

Y1 - 2021/10

N2 - Abstract Inland waters play an active role in the global carbon cycle and emit large volumes of the greenhouse gases (GHGs) methane (CH4) and carbon dioxide (CO2). A considerable body of research has improved emissions estimates from lakes, reservoirs, and rivers but recent attention has been drawn to the importance of small, artificial waterbodies as poorly quantified but potentially important emission hotspots. Of particular interest are emissions from drainage ditches and constructed ponds. These waterbody types are prevalent in many landscapes and their cumulative surface areas can be substantial. Furthermore, GHG emissions from constructed waterbodies are anthropogenic in origin and form part of national emissions reporting, whereas emissions from natural water bodies do not (according to Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change guidelines). Here, we present GHG data from two complementary studies covering a range of land uses. In the first, we measured emissions from nine ponds and seven ditches over a full year. Annual emissions varied considerably: 0.1 ? 44.3 g CH4 m-2 yr-1 and -36 ? 4421 g CO2 m-2 yr-1. In the second, we measured GHG concentrations in 96 ponds and 64 ditches across seven countries, covering subtropical, temperate and sub-arctic biomes. When CH4 emissions were converted to CO2 equivalents, 93% of waterbodies were GHG sources. In both studies, GHGs were positively related to nutrient status (C, N, P), and pond GHG concentrations were highest in smallest waterbodies. Ditch and pond emissions were larger per unit area when compared to equivalent natural systems (streams, natural ponds). We show that GHG emissions from natural systems should not be used as proxies for those from artificial waterbodies, and that artificial waterbodies have the potential to make a substantial but largely unquantified contribution to emissions from the Agriculture, Forestry and Other Land Use sector, and the global carbon cycle.

AB - Abstract Inland waters play an active role in the global carbon cycle and emit large volumes of the greenhouse gases (GHGs) methane (CH4) and carbon dioxide (CO2). A considerable body of research has improved emissions estimates from lakes, reservoirs, and rivers but recent attention has been drawn to the importance of small, artificial waterbodies as poorly quantified but potentially important emission hotspots. Of particular interest are emissions from drainage ditches and constructed ponds. These waterbody types are prevalent in many landscapes and their cumulative surface areas can be substantial. Furthermore, GHG emissions from constructed waterbodies are anthropogenic in origin and form part of national emissions reporting, whereas emissions from natural water bodies do not (according to Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change guidelines). Here, we present GHG data from two complementary studies covering a range of land uses. In the first, we measured emissions from nine ponds and seven ditches over a full year. Annual emissions varied considerably: 0.1 ? 44.3 g CH4 m-2 yr-1 and -36 ? 4421 g CO2 m-2 yr-1. In the second, we measured GHG concentrations in 96 ponds and 64 ditches across seven countries, covering subtropical, temperate and sub-arctic biomes. When CH4 emissions were converted to CO2 equivalents, 93% of waterbodies were GHG sources. In both studies, GHGs were positively related to nutrient status (C, N, P), and pond GHG concentrations were highest in smallest waterbodies. Ditch and pond emissions were larger per unit area when compared to equivalent natural systems (streams, natural ponds). We show that GHG emissions from natural systems should not be used as proxies for those from artificial waterbodies, and that artificial waterbodies have the potential to make a substantial but largely unquantified contribution to emissions from the Agriculture, Forestry and Other Land Use sector, and the global carbon cycle.

KW - Ditch

KW - drainage

KW - greenhouse gas

KW - inland waters

KW - pond

KW - stream

U2 - 10.1111/gcb.15762

DO - 10.1111/gcb.15762

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 34165851

VL - 27

SP - 5109

EP - 5123

JO - Global Change Biology

JF - Global Change Biology

SN - 1354-1013

IS - 20

ER -