Single-Year German oak and Californian Bristlecone Pine 14C Data at the Beginning of the Hallstatt Plateau from 856 BC to 626 BC

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DOI

  • Simon M. Fahrni, University of California at Irvine
  • ,
  • John Southon, University of California at Irvine
  • ,
  • Benjamin T. Fuller, University of California at Irvine
  • ,
  • Junghun Park, Korea Institute of Geoscience and Mineral Resources
  • ,
  • Michael Friedrich, University of Hohenheim
  • ,
  • Raimund Muscheler, Lund University
  • ,
  • Lukas Wacker, ETH
  • ,
  • R. E. Taylor, University of California at Riverside, University of California at Los Angeles

As part of the ongoing effort to improve the Northern Hemisphere radiocarbon (C) calibration curve, this study investigates the period of 856 BC to 626 BC (2805-2575 yr BP) with a total of 403 single-year C measurements. In this age range, IntCal13 was constructed largely from German and Irish oak as well as Californian bristlecone pine C dates, with most samples measured with a 10-yr resolution. The new data presented here is the first atmospheric C single-year record of the older end of the Hallstatt plateau based on an absolutely dated tree-ring chronology. The data helped reveal a major solar proton event (SPE) which caused a spike in the production rate of cosmogenic radionuclides around 2610/2609 BP. This production event is thought to have reached a magnitude similar to the 774/775 AD production event but has remained undetected due to averaging effects in the decadal calibration data. The record leading up to the 2610/2609 BP event reveals a 11-yr solar cycle with varying cyclicity. Features of the new data and the benefits of higher resolution calibration are discussed.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftRadiocarbon
Vol/bind62
Nummer4
Sider (fra-til)919-937
Antal sider19
ISSN0033-8222
DOI
StatusUdgivet - aug. 2020

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