Single sheet iron oxide: An efficient heterogeneous electro-Fenton catalyst at neutral pH

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  • Li Zhi Huang
  • Mingtao Zhu, Huazhong University of Science and Technology
  • ,
  • Zizheng Liu, Wuhan University
  • ,
  • Zongping Wang, Huazhong University of Science and Technology
  • ,
  • Hans Christian B. Hansen, Københavns Universitet

In order to overcome the inefficiency of heterogeneous electro-Fenton process for water treatment at neutral pH, single sheet iron oxide (SSI) derived from layered Fe(II)-Fe(III) double hydroxides (green rusts) was fabricated on an indium tin oxide electrode via layer by layer assembly and used in an undivided electrolysis cell. Use of radical scavengers demonstrated the formation of oxygen radicals by electrochemical reduction of oxygen at the SSI electrode, and the key role of hydroxyl radicals ( [rad] OH) and superoxide anion (O 2 ) radicals in degradation of the azo dye orange II. Analysis of degradation products by UV–vis, LC–MS and GC–MS further demonstrated that direct reduction toke place in addition to indirect oxidation. The reactivity of SSI as a heterogeneous electro-Fenton catalyst is two order of magnitude higher than its homogenous counterparts. The SSI electrode was highly stable as the dye degradation did not decrease after use for 19 h with no Fe leaching. The high dye removal efficiency was maintained in a wide pH range from 7 to 10 and in different supporting electrolytes, demonstrating the application of this process under various conditions mimicking natural waters.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftJournal of Hazardous Materials
Vol/bind364
Sider (fra-til)39-47
Antal sider9
ISSN0304-3894
DOI
StatusUdgivet - feb. 2019

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