Simple and Fast Rolling Circle Amplification-Based Detection of Topoisomerase 1 Activity in Crude Biological Samples

Josephine Geertsen Keller, Karol Mizielinski, Kamilla Vandsø Petersen, Magnus Stougaard, Birgitta R Knudsen, Cinzia Tesauro*

*Corresponding author af dette arbejde

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskrift/Konferencebidrag i tidsskrift /Bidrag til avisTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

Abstract

Isothermal amplification-based techniques such as the rolling circle amplification have been successfully employed for the detection of nucleic acids, protein amounts, or other relevant molecules. These methods have shown to be substantial alternatives to PCR or ELISA for clinical and research applications. Moreover, the detection of protein amount (by Western blot or immunohistochemistry) is often insufficient to provide information for cancer diagnosis, whereas the measurement of enzyme activity represents a valuable biomarker. Measurement of enzyme activity also allows for the diagnosis and potential treatment of pathogen-borne diseases. In all eukaryotes, topoisomerases are the key DNA-binding enzymes involved in the control of the DNA topological state during important cellular processes and are among the important biomarkers for cancer prognosis and treatment. Over the years, topoisomerases have been substantially investigated as a potential target of antiparasitic and anticancer drugs with libraries of natural and synthetic small-molecule compounds that are investigated every year. Here, the rolling circle amplification method, termed rolling circle enhanced enzyme activity detection (REEAD) assay that allows for the quantitative measurement of topoisomerase 1 (TOP1) activity in a simple, fast, and gel-free manner is presented.By cleaving and ligating a specially designed DNA substrate, TOP1 converts a DNA oligonucleotide into a closed circle, which becomes the template for rolling circle amplification, yielding ~103 tandem repeat rolling circle products. Depending on the nucleotide incorporation during the amplification, there is the possibility of different readout methods, from fluorescence to chemiluminescence to colorimetric. As each TOP1-mediated cleavage-ligation generates one closed DNA circle, the assay is highly sensitive and directly quantitative.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
Artikelnummere64484
TidsskriftJournal of visualized experiments : JoVE
Vol/bind190
Antal sider18
ISSN1940-087X
DOI
StatusUdgivet - dec. 2022

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