Sex Differences in 10-Year Outcomes After Percutaneous Coronary Intervention With Drug-Eluting Stents: Insights From the DECADE Cooperation

J J Coughlan, Lorenz Räber, Salvatore Brugaletta, Sebastian Kufner, Michael Maeng, Lisette Okkels Jensen, Luis Ortega-Paz, Sarah Bär, Karl-Ludwig Laugwitz, Morten Madsen, Dik Heg, Alp Aytekin, Stephan Windecker, Kevin Kris Warnakula Olesen, Manel Sabaté, Adnan Kastrati, Salvatore Cassese

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskrift/Konferencebidrag i tidsskrift /Bidrag til avisTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Although some studies have investigated sex-related outcomes up to 5 years after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), analyses at longer follow-up (ie, to 10 years) in large cohorts treated exclusively with drug-eluting stent (DES) platforms are lacking. Therefore, this study aimed to define whether sex-related differences in long-term outcomes after PCI persist both in the DES era and at longer-term follow-up.

METHODS: Individual data of patients treated with DES in 5 randomized controlled trials with 10-year follow-up were pooled. Patients were divided into 2 groups by sex. The analysis of individual participant data was performed using a 1-stage approach by entering a clustering effect by parent study in all univariable and multivariable models focusing on sex. The main outcomes of interest for this analysis included cardiovascular death, myocardial infarction, repeat revascularization, and definite stent thrombosis to 10 years after PCI. Survival was analyzed by the Kaplan-Meier method to estimate the time to first event, and differences between the 2 groups were tested with the log-rank test. Hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% CIs were calculated with a Cox proportional hazards model. Conventional multivariable analyses with adjustment for relevant variables were performed.

RESULTS: Among 9700 patients undergoing PCI with DES implantation included in the present analysis, 2296 were women and 7404 were men. Through to 10 years, cardiovascular death occurred in 407 of the 2296 female patients and 1012 of the 7404 male patients (adjusted HR [HRadj], 0.94 [95% CI, 0.80-1.11]). Female sex was associated with a lower risk of repeat revascularization of the target lesion (HRadj, 0.80 [95% CI, 0.74-0.87]), target vessel (HRadj, 0.81 [95% CI, 0.76-0.87]), and nontarget vessels (HRadj, 0.69 [95% CI, 0.62-0.77]). Compared with male patients, female patients displayed an increased risk of myocardial infarction in the first 30 days after PCI with DES (HRadj, 1.65 [95% CI, 1.24-2.19]) but a comparable risk of myocardial infarction thereafter. The risk of definite stent thrombosis was not significantly different between female and male patients (HRadj, 1.14 [95% CI, 0.89-1.47]).

CONCLUSIONS: Through to 10-year follow-up after PCI with DES, female patients are at increased risk of early myocardial infarction, receive fewer repeat revascularizations, and have no difference in cardiovascular mortality compared with male patients.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftCirculation
Vol/bind147
Nummer7
Sider (fra-til)575-585
Antal sider11
ISSN0009-7322
DOI
StatusUdgivet - feb. 2023

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