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Sex- and Lifestyle-Related Factors are Associated with Altered Hepatic CYP Protein Levels in People Diagnosed with Mental Disorders

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In this study, we used human postmortem tissue to investigate hepatic protein expression levels of cytochrome P450 (CYP) 1A2, CYP2C9, CYP2C19, CYP2D6, CYP2E1, and CYP3A4 by LC-MS/MS in a population of people suffering from mental disorders (n = 171). We report hepatic protein levels of these six CYP isoforms in 171 individuals in total, and define a focused population dataset of 116 individuals after excluding 55 samples due to low microsomal protein per gram of liver (MPPGL) yield. Postmortem decay was most likely the reason for the low MPPGL yield in the 55 samples. In the focused population, we found women to have significantly higher protein levels of CYP3A4 than men in addition to decreased CYP3A4 protein levels among obese individuals. Furthermore, MPPGL was negatively correlated with body mass index (BMI). An increase in CYP1A2 protein levels was observed among smokers, and increased CYP2E1 protein levels were observed among individuals with a history of alcohol abuse. Finally, individuals who received phenobarbital (CYP3A4 inducer) had significantly higher CYP3A4 levels. In conclusion, lifestyle-related factors prevalent among people suffering from mental disorders are associated with altered CYP protein levels, which may alter drug metabolism and affect the efficacy of commonly prescribed drugs. Furthermore, this investigation demonstrates that postmortem hepatic tissue can be used to study how lifestyle and effectors affect hepatic CYP-levels in a large cohort of patients. SIGNIFICANCE STATEMENT: Using a large number of postmortem hepatic tissue specimens (n=116) originating from the autopsy of individuals diagnosed with mental disorders, we were able to show that hepatic CYP-levels were affected by alcohol, smoking, BMI, and sex and that MPPGL was affected by BMI. These lifestyle-related changes may alter drug metabolism and affect the efficacy of commonly prescribed drugs. It is a novel approach to use a large postmortem cohort to investigate how lifestyle and effectors affect hepatic CYP-levels.

TidsskriftDrug Metabolism and Disposition
Sider (fra-til)1169-1176
Antal sider8
StatusUdgivet - sep. 2023

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