Seven weeks of high-dose Vitamin D treatment reduces the need for infliximab dose-escalation and decreases inflammatory markers in Crohn’s disease during one-year follow-up

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DOI

Background: Seven weeks of high-dose vitamin D treatment decreases intestinal IL17A and IFN-γ mRNA expression in active Crohn’s disease (CD). In this follow-up study, we investigated whether seven-week vitamin D treatment affected the infliximab response in the following 45 weeks compared to placebo. Methods: CD patients (n = 40) were initially randomised into four groups: infliximab + vitamin-D; infliximab + placebo-vitamin-D; placebo-infliximab + vitamin-D; and placebo-infliximab + placebo-vitamin-D. Infliximab (5 mg/kg) or placebo-infliximab was administered at weeks 0, 2 and 6. Vitamin D (5 mg bolus followed by 0.5 mg/day for 7 weeks) or placebo-vitamin D was handed out. After the 7-week vitamin D period, all patients received infliximab during follow-up. Results are reported for Group D+ (infliximab + vitamin-D and placebo-infliximab + vitamin-D) and Group D-(infliximab + placebo-vitamin-D and placebo-infliximab + placebo-vitamin-D). Results: Group D-patients had greater needs for infliximab dose escalation during follow-up compared to group D+ (p = 0.05). Group D+ had lower median calprotectin levels week 15 (p = 0.02) and week 23 (p = 0.04) compared to group D-. Throughout follow-up, group D+ had 2.2 times (95% CI: 1.1–4.3) (p = 0.02) lower median CRP levels compared with group D-. Conclusions: Seven weeks high-dose vitamin D treatment reduces the need for later infliximab dose-escalation and reduces inflammatory markers. EudraCT no. 2013-000971-34.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
Artikelnummer1083
TidsskriftNutrients
Vol/bind13
Nummer4
Antal sider10
ISSN2072-6643
DOI
StatusUdgivet - apr. 2021

Bibliografisk note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by the Beckett Foundation, the Danish Colitis Crohn Foundation, engineer Frode V. Nyegaard and wife foundation (Frode v. Nyegaard og Hustru?s fond) and the Central Danish Region research foundation (A1870 to MB).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.

Copyright:
Copyright 2021 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.

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