Serial intravital 2-photon microscopy and analysis of the kidney using upright microscopes

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Abstract

Serial intravital 2-photon microscopy of the kidney and other abdominal organs is a powerful technique to assess tissue function and structure simultaneously and over time. Thus, serial intravital microscopy can capture dynamic tissue changes during health and disease and holds great potential to characterize (patho-) physiological processes with subcellular resolution. However, successful image acquisition and analysis require significant expertise and impose multiple potential challenges. Abdominal organs are rhythmically displaced by breathing movements which hamper high-resolution imaging. Traditionally, kidney intravital imaging is performed on inverted microscopes where breathing movements are partly compensated by the weight of the animal pressing down. Here, we present a custom and easy-to-implement setup for intravital imaging of the kidney and other abdominal organs on upright microscopes. Furthermore, we provide image processing protocols and a new plugin for the free image analysis software FIJI to process multichannel fluorescence microscopy data. The proposed image processing pipelines cover multiple image denoising algorithms, sample drift correction using 2D registration, and alignment of serial imaging data collected over several weeks using landmark-based 3D registration. The provided tools aim to lower the barrier of entry to intravital microscopy of the kidney and are readily applicable by biomedical practitioners.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
Artikelnummer1176409
TidsskriftFrontiers in Physiology
Vol/bind14
Antal sider17
ISSN1664-042X
DOI
StatusUdgivet - apr. 2023

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