Self-tuning variational mode decomposition

Qiming Chen, Junghui Chen*, Xun Lang, Lei Xie*, Naveed ur Rehman, Hongye Su

*Corresponding author af dette arbejde

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    Abstract

    Variational mode decomposition (VMD) has attracted a lot of attention recently owing to its robustness to sampling frequency and its high-frequency resolution. However, its performance highly depends on two key preset parameters (the mode number K and the penalty parameter α), both of which tightly limit its adaptability and applications. In this study, a self-tuning VMD (SVMD) is proposed to tackle this problem. Within the proposed method, K and α update themselves respectively and adaptively via the energy ratio and orthogonality between modes in the frequency domain. The proposed SVMD is similar to a matching pursuit method and it shows a VMD-like equivalent filter bank structure but with much less mode-mixing probability. We show that SVMD is more robust to both changes in α and noise level than the original VMD; also, it has better convergence and reduces mode-mixing and end-effect. The experiments on SVMD indicate that SVMD outmatches several classic signal decomposition algorithms. In the end, real-world applications in three fields, namely, length of day variation analysis in geophysics, climate cycle study in meteorology, and oscillation detection in process control, are provided to demonstrate the effectiveness and advantages of the proposed SVMD.

    OriginalsprogEngelsk
    TidsskriftJournal of the Franklin Institute
    Vol/bind358
    Nummer15
    Sider (fra-til)7825-7862
    Antal sider38
    ISSN0016-0032
    DOI
    StatusUdgivet - okt. 2021

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