Seasonality of pCO 2 in a hard-water lake of the northern Great Plains: The legacy effects of climate and limnological conditions over 36 years

Kerri Finlay*, Richard J. Vogt, Gavin L. Simpson, Peter R. Leavitt

*Corresponding author af dette arbejde

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskrift/Konferencebidrag i tidsskrift /Bidrag til avisTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

5 Citationer (Scopus)

Abstract

Biogeochemical processes are active year-round in ice-covered lakes, such that processes in one season can affect limnological conditions in subsequent seasons. However, the extent and nature of these legacy effects are poorly understood, particularly for the CO 2 content of lakes and when considering gas exchange with the atmosphere. Here, we used a unique 36-yr dataset of weekly limnological measurements of Buffalo Pound Lake in the northern Great Plains to assess seasonal changes in CO 2 concentration and flux and determine how dependent lake pCO 2 is on limnological conditions of previous seasons. We found that the lake was a net source of CO 2 to the atmosphere (mean 18.5 ± 7.4 mol CO 2 m −2 yr −1 ), with spring potentially accounting for the majority (~ 64% ± 20%) of CO 2 efflux, assuming ice in spring was permeable to gas exchange (32.9% ± 19.8% if not). Analysis with generalized additive models (GAMs) demonstrated that current and antecedent seasonal conditions combined to explain 72.6% of deviance in spring pCO 2 , but that the strength of model predictions and the importance of antecedent conditions diminished in GAMs of summer (43.6%) and fall (23.3%) CO 2 levels. This research suggests that pCO 2 is regulated by a combination of coeval and historical environmental conditions and shows that quantification of seasonal and annual fluxes requires a mechanistic understanding of the legacy effects of preceding time intervals.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftLimnology and Oceanography
Vol/bind64
Sider (fra-til)S118-S129
ISSN0024-3590
DOI
StatusUdgivet - jan. 2019

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