Seasonal microbial dynamics on grapevine leaves under biocontrol and copper fungicide treatments

Publikation: Working paperForskningpeer review

  • Alex Gobbi
  • ,
  • Lea Ellegaard-Jensen
  • Lars Hestbjerg Hansen
  • ,
  • Ifigeneia Kyrkou
  • ,
  • Elisa Filippi, Aarhus Univeristy, Italien
Winemakers have long used copper as a fungicide on grapevine. However, the potential of copper to accumulate on soil and affect the biota poses a challenge to achieving sustainable agriculture. One recently developed option is the use of biocontrol agents to replace or complement traditional methods. In the present study, a field experiment was conducted in South Africa in which the leaves in two blocks of a vineyard were periodically treated with either copper sulphate or sprayed with Lactobacillus plantarum MW-1 as a biocontrol agent. This study evaluated the impact of the two treatments on the bacterial and fungal communities as they changed during the growing season. To do this, NGS was combined with quantitative strain-specific and community qPCRs. The results revealed the progression of the microbial communities throughout the season and how the different treatments affected the microbiota. Bacteria appeared to be relatively stable at the different time points, with the only taxa that systematically changed between treatments being Lactobacillaceae, which included reads from the biocontrol agent. Cells of Lactobacillus plantarum MW-1 were only detected on treated leaves using strain-specific qPCR, with its amount spanning from 103 to 105 cells/leaves. Conversely the fungal community was largely shaped by a succession of different dominant taxa over the months. Between treatments, only a few fungal taxa appeared to change significantly and the number of ITS copies was also comparable. In this regards, the two treatments seemed to affect the microbial community similarly, revealing the potential of this biocontrol strain as a promising alternative among sustainable fungicide treatments, although further investigation is required.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
StatusAfsendt - 2018

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