Rifaximin Treatment of Collagenous Colitis: A Randomised, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Trial

Sabine Becker, Louise Bang Grode, Ole Kristian Bonderup

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskrift/Konferencebidrag i tidsskrift /Bidrag til avisTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

Abstract

INTRODUCTION: Collagenous colitis (CC) is a disabling disease primarily affecting elderly women. Sparse, well-documented treatment modalities exist, except for budesonide. Long-term and repetitive treatment with budesonide is often necessary. Rifaximin is a poorly absorbed antibiotic with a positive modulatory effect on gut microbiota. In this randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled single-centre trial, we test the effect of adding rifaximin in continuation to budesonide on relapse rates in CC.

METHODS: Eligible patients with active, biopsy-verified CC received oral budesonide during a 6-week open-label induction phase. Patients in clinical remission after 4 weeks of treatment were randomised to receive either rifaximin or placebo for 4 weeks.

RESULTS: Fifteen patients were randomised to receive either rifaximin ( n = 7) or placebo ( n = 8). At 12-week follow-up, 2 patients in the rifaximin group were still in remission and none in the placebo group ( p = 0.2). The median number of days in remission in the rifaximin group was 42 (interquartile range [IQR] 33-126) compared to 18.5 (IQR 10.5-51.5) in the placebo group ( p = 0.189). At 12-week follow-up, the relapse rate per 100 person-days in the placebo group was higher (3.25 [1.40-6.41]) than in the rifaximin group (1.33 [0.43-3.10]).

CONCLUSION: Although not statistically significant ( p = 0.0996), the study suggests a potential improvement in relapse rates within the rifaximin group compared to the placebo group. A major limitation in the study is the small sample size.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftInflammatory Intestinal Diseases
Vol/bind9
Nummer1
Antal sider7
DOI
StatusUdgivet - jan. 2024

Emneord

  • collagenous colitis
  • microbiota
  • Rifaximin-treatment

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