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Revealing the importance of meristems and roots for the development of hypersensitive responses and full foliar resistance to Phytophthora infestans in the resistant potato cultivar Sarpo Mira

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DOI

  • Elzbieta Zofia Orlowska, Danmark
  • Alessio Basile
  • ,
  • Izabela Kandzia
  • ,
  • Briardo Llorente, Instituto de Investigaciones en Ingeniería Genética y Biología Molecular (INGEBI-CONICET), Argentina
  • Hanne-Grethe Kirk, Danish Potato Breeding Foundation (LKF-Vandel), Danmark
  • Cristina Cvitanich, Danmark
The defence responses of potato against Phytophthora infestans were studied using the highly resistant Sarpo Mira cultivar. The effects of plant integrity, meristems, and roots on the hypersensitive response (HR), plant resistance, and the regulation of PR genes were analysed. Sarpo Mira shoots and roots grafted with the susceptible Bintje cultivar as well as non-grafted different parts of Sarpo Mira plants were inoculated with P. infestans. The progress of the infection and the number of HR lesions were monitored, and the regulation of PR genes was compared in detached and attached leaves. Additionally, the antimicrobial activity of plant extracts was assessed. The presented data show that roots are needed to achieve full pathogen resistance, that the removal of meristems in detached leaves inhibits the formation of HR lesions, that PR genes are differentially regulated in detached leaves compared with leaves of whole plants, and that antimicrobial compounds accumulate in leaves and roots of Sarpo Mira plants challenged with P. infestans. While meristems are necessary for the formation of HR lesions, the roots of Sarpo Mira plants participate in the production of defence-associated compounds that increase systemic resistance. Based on the literature and on the presented results, a model is proposed for mechanisms involved in Sarpo Mira resistance that may apply to other resistant potato cultivars
OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftJournal of Experimental Botany
Vol/bind63
Nummer13
Sider (fra-til)4765-4779
Antal sider15
ISSN0022-0957
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 27 jul. 2012

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