Revealing the history of domesticated sheep using retrovirus integrations

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  • Bernado Chessa, Institute of Comparative Medicine, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Glasgow, Storbritannien
  • Filipe Pereira, Instituto de Patologia e Imunologia Molecular da Universidade do Porto (IPATIMUP), Faculdade de Ciências da Universidade do Porto, Portugal
  • Frederick Arnaud, Institute of Comparative Medicine, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Glasgow, Storbritannien
  • Antonio Amorim, Instituto de Patologia e Imunologia Molecular da Universidade do Porto (IPATIMUP), Faculdade de Ciências da Universidade do Porto, Portugal
  • Félix Goyache, Área de Genética y Reproducción Animal, SERIDA-Somió, Spanien
  • Ingrid Mainland, Division of Archaelogical, Geographical and Environmental Sciences, University of Bradford, Storbritannien
  • Rowland R Kao, Institute of Comparative Medicine, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Glasgow, Storbritannien
  • Josephine M Pemberton, Institute of Evolutionary Biology, School of Biological Sciences, University of Edinburgh, Storbritannien
  • Dario Beraldi, Institute of Evolutionary Biology, School of Biological Sciences, University of Edinburgh, Storbritannien
  • Michael J Stear, Institute of Comparative Medicine, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Glasgow, Storbritannien
  • Alberto Alberti, Dipartimento di Patologia e Clinica Veterinaria, Universita’ degli Studi di Sassari, Italien
  • Marco Pittau, Dipartimento di Patologia e Clinica Veterinaria, Universita’ degli Studi di Sassari, Italien
  • Leopoldo Iannuzzi, National Research Council (CNR), ISPAAM, Italien
  • Mohammad H Banabazi, Department of Biotechnology, Animal Science Research Institute of Iran, Iran
  • Rudovick R Kazwala, Department of Veterinary Medicine and Public Health, Sokoine University of Agriculture, Morogor, Tanzania, United Republic of
  • Ya-ping Zhang, State Key Laboratory of Genetic Resources and Evolution, Kunming Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Kina
  • Juan J Arranz, Departamento de Producción Animal, Facultad de Veterinária, Universidad de León, Spanien
  • Bahy A Ali, Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology Research Institute, Mubarak City for Scientific Research and Technology Applications, Egypten
  • Zhiliang Wang, National Diagnostic Center for Exotic Animal Diseases, China Animal Health and Epidemiology Centers, Kina
  • Metehan Uzun, School of Health Science, Canakkale Onsekiz Mart University, Tyrkiet
  • Michel M Dione, International Trypanotolerance Centre, Gambia
  • Ingrid Olsaker, Department of Basic Sciences and Aquatic Medicine, Norwegian School of Veterinary Science, Norge
  • Lars-Erik Holm
  • Urmas Saarma, Department of Zoology, Institute of Ecology and Earth Sciences, University of Tartu, Estland
  • Sohail Ahmad, NWFP Agricultural University, Pakistan
  • Nurbiy Marzanov, All-Russian Research Institute of Animal Husbandry, Russian Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Rusland
  • Emma Eythorsdottir, Agricultural University of Iceland, Island
  • Martin J Holland, Medical Research Council Laboratories, Gambia
  • Paolo Ajmone-Marsan, Istituto di Zootecnica, Universita’ Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Italien
  • Michael W Bruford, School of Biosciences, Cardiff University, Storbritannien
  • Juha Kantanen, Biotechnology and Food Research, MTT Agrifood Research Finland, Finland
  • Thomas E Spencer, Center for Animal Biotechnology and Genomics, Texas A&M University, USA
  • Massimo Palmarini, Institute of Comparative Medicine, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Glasgow, Storbritannien
  • Molekylær Genetik og Systembiologi
  • Institut for Genetik og Bioteknologi
The domestication of livestock represented a crucial step in human history. By using endogenous retroviruses as genetic markers, we found that sheep differentiated on the basis of their "retrotype" and morphological traits dispersed across Eurasia and Africa via separate migratory episodes. Relicts of the first migrations include the Mouflon, as well as breeds previously recognized as "primitive" on the basis of their morphology, such as the Orkney, Soay, and the Nordic short-tailed sheep now confined to the periphery of northwest Europe. A later migratory episode, involving sheep with improved production traits, shaped the great majority of present-day breeds. The ability to differentiate genetically primitive sheep from more modern breeds provides valuable insights into the history of sheep domestication
OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftScience
Vol/bind324
Nummer5926
Sider (fra-til)532-536
Antal sider5
ISSN0036-8075
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 24 apr. 2009

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