Reproducibility and repeatability of identifying the latest electrical activation during mapping of coronary sinus branches in CRT recipients

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INTRODUCTION: Studies have shown an association between the outcome in cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) and longer interventricular delay at the site of the left ventricular (LV) lead. Targeted LV lead placement at the latest electrically activated segment increases LV function further as compared with standard treatment. We aimed to determine reproducibility and repeatability of identifying the latest electrically activated segment during mapping of all available coronary sinus (CS) branches in patients receiving CRT.

METHODS: We included 35 patients who underwent CRT implantation with protocolled mapping guided LV lead implantation aiming for the site of the latest electrical activation. Three different doctors experienced in electrophysiology and implantation of CRT devices independently measured time interval from the local bipolar right ventricular (RV) electrogram (EGM) to the local unipolar LV EGM at all mapped sites (RV-LV). The segment with the latest electrical activation was defined as the target segment (TS) and the CS tributary containing TS was defined as the target vein (TV). Weighted κ statistics with 95% confidence intervals were computed to assess intra- and interobserver agreement for TS and TV.

RESULTS: We mapped 258 segments within 131 veins. Weighted κ values for repeatability were 0.85 (0.81-0.89) for TS and 0.92 (0.89-0.93) for TV, and weighted κ values of interobserver agreement ranged from 0.70 (0.61-0.73) to 0.80 (0.76-0.83) for TS and 0.73 (0.64-0.78) to 0.86 (0.83-0.89) for TV among all three observers.

CONCLUSION: The reproducibility and repeatability of identifying the latest electrically activated segment during mapping of all available CS branches in patients receiving CRT range from good to very good.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftJournal of Cardiovascular Electrophysiology
Vol/bind31
Nummer11
Sider (fra-til)2940-2947
Antal sider8
ISSN1045-3873
DOI
StatusUdgivet - nov. 2020

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