Reliability of radiographic findings in large FOV CBCTs of mandibular third molars as basis for pre-operative patient information

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Objective: The aim of this study was to assess the relation between radiographic findings in large field of view (FOV) cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) exams and clinical findings of mandibular third molars in relation to the pre-operative patient information. Material and Methods: Two hundred and nine mandibular third molars in 134 orthognathic patients examined with CBCT were removed. Three observers assessed tooth- and mandibular canal-related variables in CBCT images, and the findings were correlated to clinical findings during surgery for all observers: tooth angulation, number and morphology of roots and close relationship between the tooth and the mandibular canal. Moreover, positive (PPV) and negative (NPV) predictive values and positive (LR+) and negative (LR-) likelihood ratios were calculated for the canal-related variables. Inter- and intra-observer reproducibility was expressed as percentage accordance and kappa-statistics. Results: Generally, there was high correlation between radiographic and clinical tooth-related variables. The opposite was true for the canal-related variables, since the PPV and LR + were low. The highest PPV and LR + were found when the mandibular canal was positioned between the roots of the third molar. Conclusions: Tooth-related findings in CBCT are reliable, whereas mandibular canal-related findings should not affect the information provided to the patient pre-operatively.

TidsskriftActa Odontologica Scandinavica
Sider (fra-til)210-217
Antal sider8
StatusUdgivet - apr. 2022

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