Relaxant effects of nifedipine on isolated, human myometrium

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Myometrial tissue was obtained from non-pregnant women subjected to hysterectomy because of various gynaecological disorders, and from women undergoing caesarean section. Strip preparations were dissected and isometric tension was recorded. Nifedipine (2.9 X 10(-8)--2.9 X 10(-6)M) inhibited spontaneous contractile activity, mainly by reducing the amplitude of contraction in both non-pregnant and pregnant myometrium. The drug also inhibited potassium induced contractions in a concentration dependent manner. This effect seemed to be more pronounced in pregnant than in non-pregnant tissue. In preparations of pregnant human myometrium, normally polarized or potassium depolarized, oxytocin induced a contractile activity that was effectively inhibited by nifedipine. Nifedipine also relaxed contractions induced by vasopressin in isolated non-pregnant myometrium. It is concluded that the relaxant effect of nifedipine on isolated pregnant and non-pregnant human myometrium can be explained by inhibition of calcium influx. The results thus support the view, that calcium influx is an important step in the initiation of contractile activity in human uterine smooth muscle.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftActa pharmacologica et toxicologica
Vol/bind45
Nummer2
Sider (fra-til)81-6
Antal sider6
ISSN0001-6683
StatusUdgivet - 1979

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