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Regulation of the human Suv3 helicase on DNA by inorganic cofactors

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  • Susanne T Venø, Danmark
  • Marie B Witt, Danmark
  • Tomasz Kulikowicz, Laboratory of Molecular Gerontology, National Institute on Aging, National Institutes of Health, Baltimore, MD, USA
  • Vilhelm A Bohr, Laboratory of Molecular Gerontology, National Institute on Aging, National Institutes of Health, Baltimore, MD, Danmark
  • Tinna Stevnsner

Mitochondria are essential organelles and consequently proper expression and maintenance of the mitochondrial genome are indispensable for proper cell function. The mitochondrial Suv3 (SUPV3L1) helicase is known to have a central role in mitochondrial RNA metabolism and to be essential for maintenance of mitochondrial DNA stability. Here we have performed biochemical investigations to determine the potential regulation of the human Suv3 (hSuv3) helicase function by inorganic cofactors. We find that hSuv3 helicase and ATPase activity in vitro is strictly dependent on the presence of specific divalent cations. Interestingly, we show that divalent cations and nucleotide concentration have a direct effect on helicase substrate stability. Also, hSuv3 helicase is able to utilize several different nucleotide cofactors including both NTPs and dNTPs. Intriguingly, the potency of the individual nucleotide as energy source for hSuv3 unwinding differed depending on the included divalent cation and nucleotide concentration. At low concentrations, all four NTPs could support helicase activity with varying effectiveness depending on the included divalent cation. However, at higher nucleotide concentrations, only ATP was able to elicit the helicase activity of hSuv3. Consequently, we speculate that the capacity of hSuv3 DNA unwinding activity might be sensitive to the local availability of specific inorganic cofactors.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftBiochimie
Vol/bind108
Sider (fra-til)160-168
Antal sider9
ISSN0300-9084
DOI
StatusUdgivet - jan. 2015

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