Reduced T2*-weighted placental MRI predicts foetal growth restriction in women with chronic rheumatic disease—a Danish explorative study

Thea Vestergaard*, Mette Julsgaard, Rikke Bek Helmig, Emilie Faunø, Tau Vendelboe, Jens Kelsen, Trine Bay Laurberg, Anne Sørensen, Bodil Ginnerup Pedersen

*Corresponding author af dette arbejde

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskrift/Konferencebidrag i tidsskrift /Bidrag til avisTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

Abstract

Objectives: Women with chronic rheumatic disease (CRD) are at greater risk of foetal growth restriction than their healthy peers. T2*-weighted magnetic resonance imaging of placenta (T2*P-MRI) is superior to conventional ultrasonography in predicting birth weight and works as a proxy metabolic mirror of the placental function. We aimed to compare T2*P-MRI in pregnant women with CRD and healthy controls. In addition, we aimed to investigate the correlation between T2*P-MRI and birth weight. Methods: Using a General Electric (GE) 1.5 Tesla, we consecutively performed T2*-weighted placental MRI in 10 women with CRD and 18 healthy controls at gestational week (GW)24 and GW32. We prospectively collected clinical parameters during pregnancy including birth outcome and placental weight. Results: Women with CRD had significantly lower T2*P-MRI values at GW24 than healthy controls (median T2*(IQR) 92.1 ms (81.6; 122.4) versus 118.6 ms (105.1; 129.1), p = 0.03). T2*P-MRI values at GW24 showed a significant correlation with birth weight, as the T2*P-MRI value was reduced in all four pregnancies complicated by SGA at birth. Three out of four pregnancies complicated by SGA at birth remained undetected by routine antenatal ultrasound. Conclusion: This study demonstrates reduced T2*P-MRI values and a high proportion of SGA at birth in CRD pregnancies compared to controls, suggesting an increased risk of placental dysfunction in CRD pregnancies. T2*P-MRI may have the potential to focus clinical vigilance by identifying pregnancies at risk of SGA as early as GW24. (Table presented.)

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftClinical Rheumatology
Vol/bind43
Sider (fra-til)1989-1997
ISSN0770-3198
DOI
StatusUdgivet - apr. 2024

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