Reduced heat shock response in human mononuclear cells during aging and its association with polymorphisms in HSP70 genes

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  • Institut for Human Genetik
  • Molekylær Medicinsk Forsk.enhed
  • Klinisk Genetisk Afdeling
  • Molekylærbiologisk Institut
Age-dependent changes in heat shock response (HSR) were studied in mononuclear cells (monocytes and lymphocytes) collected from young (mean age = 22.6 +/- 1.7 years) and middle-aged (mean age = 56.3 +/- 4.7 years) subjects after 1 hour of heat shock at 42 degrees C. Genotype-specific HSR was measured by genotyping the subjects for 3 single nucleotide polymorphisms, HSPA1A(A-110C), HSPA1B(A1267G), and HSPA1L(T2437C), 1 each in the 3 HSP70 genes. A significant age-related decrease in the induction of Hsp70 occurred after heat shock in both monocytes and lymphocytes. The noninducible and inducible forms of Hsp70 decreased 1.3-fold (P <0.001) and 1.4-fold (P <0.001), respectively, in the monocytes with age. In the young subjects, a positive association was found between HSPA1L(T2437C) polymorphism and HSR. CC carriers had a significantly lower induction than TT carriers in both monocytes (P = 0.015) and lymphocytes (P = 0.044). This polymorphism, which is present in the coding region of HSPA1L gene, can affect the chaperoning function of Hsp70. These data consolidate our other observations that the CC genotype is unfavorable for human longevity and provide a functional explanation in terms of variations in HSR.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftCell Stress & Chaperones
Vol/bind11
Nummer3
Sider (fra-til)208-215
Antal sider8
ISSN1355-8145
StatusUdgivet - 1 jan. 2006

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