Redirector of Vaccine-induced Effector Responses (RoVER) for specific killing of cellular targets

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Abstract

Background: In individuals with malignancy or HIV-1 infection, antigen-specific cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTLs) often display an exhausted phenotype with impaired capacity to eliminate the disease. Existing cell-based immunotherapy strategies are often limited by the requirement for adoptive transfer of CTLs. We have developed an immunotherapy technology in which potent CTL responses are generated in vivo by vaccination and redirected to eliminate target cells using a bispecific Redirector of Vaccine-induced Effector Responses (RoVER). Methods: Following Yellow fever (YF) 17D vaccination of 51 healthy volunteers (NCT04083430), single-epitope YF-specific CTL responses were quantified by tetramer staining and multi-parameter flow cytometry. RoVER-mediated redirection of YF-specific CTLs to kill antigen-expressing Raji-Env cells, autologous CD19+ B cells or CD4+ T cells infected in vitro with a full-length HIV-1-eGFP was assessed in cell killing assays. Moreover, secreted IFN-γ, granzyme B, and TNF-α were analyzed by mesoscale multiplex assays. Findings: YF-17D vaccination induced strong epitope-specific CTL responses in the study participants. In cell killing assays, RoVER-mediated redirection of YF-specific CTLs to autologous CD19+ B cells or HIV-1-infected CD4+ cells resulted in 58% and 53% killing at effector to target ratio 1:1, respectively. Interpretation: We have developed an immunotherapy technology in which epitope-specific CTLs induced by vaccination can be redirected to kill antigen-expressing target cells by RoVER linking. The RoVER technology is highly specific and can be adapted to recognize various cell surface antigens. Importantly, this technology obviates the need for adoptive transfer of CTLs. Funding: This work was funded by the Novo Nordisk Foundation (Hallas Møller NNF10OC0054577).

OriginalsprogEngelsk
Artikelnummer104785
TidsskriftEBioMedicine
Vol/bind96
Antal sider14
DOI
StatusUdgivet - okt. 2023

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