Quality of life after tonsillectomy in adult patients with recurrent acute tonsillitis: a systematic review

Hannah Inez Houborg*, Tejs Ehlers Klug

*Corresponding author af dette arbejde

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskrift/Konferencebidrag i tidsskrift /Bidrag til avisReviewForskningpeer review

Abstract

Purpose: The aims of this systematic review were to (1) explore the evidence for improved quality of life (QOL) in adult patients undergoing tonsillectomy because of recurrent acute tonsillitis (RT) and (2) evaluate which set of guidelines for tonsillectomy in adult RT patients is preferable, using QOL as outcome measure. Methods: A systematic search was conducted in the PubMed, Embase, and Scopus databases. RCT/cohort studies exploring the effect of elective tonsillectomy in adult RT patients using any QOL assessment tool no less than 6 months after surgery were included. Studies were divided into two guideline groups based on the number of tonsillitis episodes required for tonsillectomy (Group 1: ≥ 5; Group 2: ≤ 4). Results: A total of 364 unique records were identified. Seven studies (n = 409 patients) were included in a qualitative analysis and four studies were included in a meta-analysis. Patients’ QOL rose significantly, primarily because of improvements in the general and physical domains. In the meta-analysis, 96% (293/304) of patients benefitted from tonsillectomy. Patients included in guideline Group 1 studies had significantly higher QOL scores (Glasgow Benefit Inventory (GBI) 39.6) compared to patients in Group 2 studies (GBI 24.9) (p < 0.001). Conclusion: Adult patients undergoing tonsillectomy because of RT reported improved QOL 6–84 months after surgery. The benefit of tonsillectomy was higher among patients in studies with a higher minimum number of tonsillitis episodes compared to those included in studies with less strict criteria. Whether the improved QOL outweigh the morbidity associated with surgery in both guideline groups remains unclear.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftEuropean Archives of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology
Vol/bind279
Nummer6
Sider (fra-til)2753-2764
Antal sider12
ISSN0937-4477
DOI
StatusUdgivet - jun. 2022

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