PSMA PET/CT for Primary Staging of Prostate Cancer - An Updated Overview

Mads Ryø Jochumsen*, Kirsten Bouchelouche

*Corresponding author af dette arbejde

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskrift/Konferencebidrag i tidsskrift /Bidrag til avisReviewForskningpeer review

Abstract

Prostate-specific membrane antigen PET/CT for primary staging of prostate cancer is becoming increasingly popular due to simultaneous assessment of whole-body disease burden, with superior sensitivity and specificity for detecting metastases compared to conventional imaging. PSMA PET in combination with multiparametric MRI (mpMRI) improves the sensitivity of assessment of extra-prostatic extension and seminal vesicle invasion compared to mpMRI alone, and may serve as a second line modality for image-guided biopsy in selected patients with negative mpMRI and/or negative primary biopsies. The superior diagnostic accuracy of PSMA PET/CT affects clinical decision-making with a change of clinical management in one-fourth of patients compared to conventional imaging. However, at present, the effect of implementing PSMA PET/CT for primary staging on patient outcomes is not clear, and prospective studies are warranted. There are several PSMA tracers with similar performance and minor individual pharmacokinetic differences such as higher rate of unspecific bone uptake with 18F-PSMA-1007, but on the other hand, lower urinary excretion, which could give an advantage in the detection of local recurrence. Proper training of the reporting physicians and knowledge of the pitfalls of the specific PSMA tracer used is of utmost importance for high-quality reading. We aim to provide an overview of the current literature and an update on the status of PSMA PET/CT for primary staging of prostate cancer.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftSeminars in Nuclear Medicine
Vol/bind54
Nummer1
Sider (fra-til)39-45
Antal sider7
ISSN0001-2998
DOI
StatusUdgivet - jan. 2024

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