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Protein Engineering Reveals Mechanisms of Functional Amyloid Formation in Pseudomonas aeruginosa Biofilms

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  • Alissa Bleem, University of Washington
  • ,
  • Gunna Christiansen
  • ,
  • Daniel J Madsen
  • ,
  • Hans Maric, Københavns Universitet
  • ,
  • Kristian Strømgaard, Københavns Universitet
  • ,
  • James D Bryers, University of Washington
  • ,
  • Valerie Daggett, University of Washington
  • ,
  • Rikke L Meyer
  • Daniel E Otzen

Amyloids are typically associated with neurodegenerative diseases, but recent research demonstrates that several bacteria utilize functional amyloid fibrils to fortify the biofilm extracellular matrix and thereby resist antibiotic treatments. In Pseudomonas aeruginosa, these fibrils are composed predominantly of FapC, a protein with high sequence conservation among the genera. Previous studies established FapC as the major amyloid subunit, but its mechanism of fibril formation in P. aeruginosa remained largely unexplored. Here, we examine the FapC sequence in greater detail through a combination of bioinformatics and protein engineering, and we identify specific motifs that are implicated in amyloid formation. Sequence regions of high evolutionary conservation tend to coincide with regions of high amyloid propensity, and mutation of amyloidogenic motifs to a designed, non-amyloidogenic motif suppresses fibril formation in a pH-dependent manner. We establish the particular significance of the third repeat motif in promoting fibril formation and also demonstrate emergence of soluble oligomer species early in the aggregation pathway. The insights reported here expand our understanding of the mechanism of amyloid polymerization in P. aeruginosa, laying the foundation for development of new amyloid inhibitors to combat recalcitrant biofilm infections.

TidsskriftJournal of Molecular Biology
Sider (fra-til)3751-3763
Antal sider13
StatusUdgivet - 12 okt. 2018

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