Proposal of competencies for engineering education to develop water infrastructure based on “Nature-Based Solutions” in the urban context

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskrift/Konferencebidrag i tidsskrift /Bidrag til avisTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

  • Ismael Leonardo Vera, Universidad Católica del Maule, Chile
  • Hugo Valdes, Universidad Católica del Maule, Centro de Innovación en Ingeniería Aplicada (CIIA), Departamento de Computación e Industrias, Facultad de Ciencias de la Ingeniería, Universidad Católica del Maule, Chile
  • Christian Correa, Universidad Católica del Maule, Centro de Innovación en Ingeniería Aplicada (CIIA), Departamento de Obras Civiles, Facultad de Ciencias de la Ingeniería, Universidad Católica del Maule, Chile
  • Roberto Agredano, Universidad Católica del Maule, Centro de Innovación en Ingeniería Aplicada (CIIA), Departamento de Obras Civiles, Facultad de Ciencias de la Ingeniería, Universidad Católica del Maule, Chile
  • Gladys Vidal, Engineering and Environmental Biotechnology Group, Environmental Science Faculty , University of Concepcion, Chile
  • Marisol Belmonte, Laboratory of Biotechnology, Environment and Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, University of Playa Ancha, Chile
  • Jorge Leonardo Olave, Centro de Investigación y Desarrollo en Recursos Hídricos (CIDERH), Universidad Arturo Prat, Chile
  • Carlos Alberto Arias
The aim of this work was to determine the competencies that need to be included in engineering programs to develop water infrastructure based on Nature-Based Solutions (NBS) in the urban context, focused on its application in developing countries. Thus, the work was developed in three phases: i) a theoretical phase, ii) a validation phase and iii) a statistical analysis. For the theoretical phase, a literature review was conducted to determine a set of competencies for developing these type of projects. Next, in the validation phase, fifty participants were invited to complete a two-round Delphi questionnaire to rank the competencies detected in the literature review. The participants were classified according to their level of knowledge (skilled or expert) and place of work (countries with upper-middle-income or high-income). The results showed that twenty-one competencies were identified. In the validation phase, for the first Delphi round, the different groups studied (skilled vs expert; high-income vs upper-middle-income) did not agree about the most important competencies. However, after the second Delphi round, an agreement was achieved. Therefore, competencies related to water quality and process design for improving its quality were defined as “extremely important” competencies. In addition, the entire panel of experts also highlighted competencies related to legislation, circular economy, equipment, climate, and construction materials. Thus, for the first time, a set of competencies that needs to be included in educational programs for engineers with a special focus on developing water infrastructure based on NBS in the urban context of developing countries has been proposed in this work.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
Artikelnummer121717
TidsskriftJournal of Cleaner Production
Vol/bind265
Antal sider12
ISSN0959-6526
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 2020

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