Proinflammatory polarization strongly reduces human macrophage in vitro phagocytosis of tumor cells in response to CD47 blockade

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Abstract

Antibody-based CD47 blockade aims to activate macrophage phagocytosis of tumor cells. However, macrophages possess a high degree of phenotype heterogeneity that likely influences phagocytic capacity. In murine models, proinflammatory (M1) activation increases macrophage phagocytosis of tumor cells, but in human models, results have been conflicting. Here, we investigated the effects of proinflammatory polarization on the phagocytic response of human monocyte-derived macrophages in an in vitro model. Using both flow cytometry-based and fluorescence live-cell imaging-based phagocytosis assays, we observed that mouse monoclonal anti-CD47 antibody (B6H12) induced monocyte-derived macrophage phagocytosis of cancer cells in vitro. Proinflammatory (M1) macrophage polarization with IFN-γ+LPS resulted in a severe reduction in phagocytic response to CD47 blockade. This reduction coincided with increased expression of the antiphagocytic membrane proteins LILRB1 and Siglec-10 but was not rescued by combination blockade of the corresponding ligands. However, matrix metalloproteinase inhibitors (TAPI-0 or GM6001) partly restored response to CD47 blockade in a dose-dependent manner. In summary, these data suggest that proinflammatory (M1) activation reduces phagocytic response to CD47 blockade in human monocyte-derived macrophages.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftEuropean Journal of Immunology
Sider (fra-til)e2350824
ISSN0014-2980
DOI
StatusE-pub ahead of print - 9 apr. 2024

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