Prevention, Detection, and Management of Heart Failure in Patients Treated for Breast Cancer

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskrift/Konferencebidrag i tidsskrift /Bidrag til avisReviewForskningpeer review

Dokumenter

DOI

  • Agneta Månsson Broberg, Karolinska Institutet
  • ,
  • Jürgen Geisler, University of Oslo
  • ,
  • Suvi Tuohinen, University of Helsinki
  • ,
  • Tanja Skytta, Tampere University
  • ,
  • Þórdís Jóna Hrafnkelsdóttir, Landspitali University Hospital
  • ,
  • Kirsten Melgaard Nielsen
  • Elham Hedayati, Karolinska Institutet
  • ,
  • Torbjørn Omland, University of Oslo
  • ,
  • Birgitte V. Offersen
  • Alexander R. Lyon, Imperial College London
  • ,
  • Geeta Gulati, University of Oslo

Purpose of Review: Long-term survival has increased significantly in breast cancer patients, and cardiovascular side effects are surpassing cancer-related mortality. We summarize risk factors, prevention strategies, detection, and management of cardiotoxicity, with focus on left ventricular dysfunction and heart failure, during breast cancer treatment. Recent Findings: Baseline treatment of cardiovascular risk factors is recommended. Anthracycline and trastuzumab treatment constitute a substantial risk of developing cardiotoxicity. There is growing evidence that this can be treated with beta blockers and angiotensin antagonists. Early detection of cardiotoxicity with cardiac imaging and circulating cardiovascular biomarkers is currently evaluated in clinical trials. Chest wall irradiation accelerates atherosclerotic processes and induces fibrosis. Immune checkpoint inhibitors require consideration for surveillance due to a small risk of severe myocarditis. Cyclin-dependent kinases4/6 inhibitors, cyclophosphamide, taxanes, tyrosine kinase inhibitors, and endocrine therapy have a lower-risk profile for cardiotoxicity. Summary: Preventive and management strategies to counteract cancer treatment–related left ventricular dysfunction or heart failure in breast cancer patients should include a comprehensive cardiovascular risk assessment and individual clinical evaluation. This should include both patient and treatment-related factors. Further clinical trials especially on early detection, cardioprevention, and management are urgently needed.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftCurrent Heart Failure Reports
Vol/bind17
Nummer6
Sider (fra-til)397-408
ISSN1546-9530
DOI
StatusUdgivet - dec. 2020

Se relationer på Aarhus Universitet Citationsformater

ID: 201770795