Prevalence and risk factors of chronic cough among adult in Nepal: results from a community-based study (COBIN-P)

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Background: Chronic cough is a common respiratory complaint among the general population, causing substantial physical, social, and psychological burden. This study aims to estimate the prevalence of chronic cough and its risk factors among Nepalese adults.Methods: It is a community-based cross-sectional study among 1438 adults aged >=40 years from a semi-urban area of the Pokhara Metropolitan City of Western Nepal. Chronic cough was defined as daily coughing for at least three months duration during the preceding two years. We assessed the prevalence and associated risk factors of chronic cough.Results: Majority (54 were female and the average age (SD) was 56(10) years. The prevalence of chronic cough was 5%. Logistic regression analysis resulted in higher odds of chronic cough among aged gt;60 years (OR: 4.7; 95 2.5 textendash 8.9), COPD patients (OR:18.5; 95 11.2 textendash 30.6), biomass fuel smoke exposure (OR: 1.7; 95 1.1 textendash 2.7), and absence of kitchen chimney (OR: 2.9; 95 1.5 textendash 5.6). Similarly, chronic coughing is associated with among those who exposed to secondhand smoke (OR: 3.1; 95 1.9 textendash 4.9), former smokers (OR: 3.0; 95 1.6 textendash 5.4), current smokers (OR: 5.8; 95 3.2 textendash 10.3) and history of childhood lung infection (OR: 2.5; 95 1.3 textendash 5.0). However, there was no statistically significant association observed with sex, cardiovascular comorbidities, and tuberculosis history.Conclusions: Considering the significant impact of chronic cough on quality of life, it is important to design and implement programs and strategies to reduce modifiable risk factors like smoking, biomass fuel exposure, and preventing childhood lung infection.FootnotesCite this article as: European Respiratory Journal 2021; 58: Suppl. 65, PA3510.This abstract was presented at the 2021 ERS International Congress, in session textquotedblleftPrediction of exacerbations in patients with COPDtextquotedblright.This is an ERS International Congress abstract. No full-text version is available. Further material to accompany this abstract may be available at www.ers-education.org (ERS member access only).
OriginalsprogEngelsk
ArtikelnummerPA3510
BogserieEuropean Respiratory Journal
Vol/bind58
Nummersuppl 65
ISSN0903-1936
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 25 nov. 2021
BegivenhedERS International Congress 2021 -
Varighed: 4 sep. 20218 sep. 2021

Konference

KonferenceERS International Congress 2021
Periode04/09/202108/09/2021

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