Prevalence and correlation of cytokine-specific autoantibodies with epidemiological factors and C-reactive protein in 8,972 healthy individuals: Results from the Danish Blood Donor Study

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  • Jakob Hjorth von Stemann, Københavns Universitet
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  • Andreas Stribolt Rigas, Københavns Universitet
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  • Lise Wegner Thørner, Københavns Universitet
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  • Daniel Guldager Kring Rasmussen, Københavns Universitet
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  • Ole Birger Pedersen, Department of Clinical Immunology, Næstved Sygehus, Næstved, Denmark.
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  • Klaus Rostgaard, Epidemiology Research, Statens Serum Institut, Copenhagen, Denmark.
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  • Christian Erikstrup
  • Henrik Ullum, Københavns Universitet
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  • Morten Bagge Hansen, Københavns Universitet

Natural cytokine-specific autoantibodies (c-aAb) have been measured in healthy and diseased individuals, and have been considered as both endogenous immune-regulators and pathogenic factors. Overall, the etiology and potential pathology of c-aAb are still undefined. To further characterize the sero-prevalence, predictors and consequences of high c-aAb levels, we performed the largest population-based study of c-aAb to date, using participants and epidemiological data from the Danish Blood Donor Study. Using a validated bead-based multiplex assay we assessed plasma levels of IL-1α, IL-6, IL-10, IFNα and GM-CSF-specific c-aAb in 8,972 healthy blood donors. Trace levels of at least one of the investigated c-aAb could be measured in 86% of the participants. The presence of high levels of potentially inhibitory c-aAb was generally associated with increasing age and male or female sex, depending on the c-aAb in question. A negative correlation between high levels of IL-6-specific c-aAb and plasma levels of C-reactive protein was observed, indicating cytokine-neutralizing levels of c-aAb in healthy blood donors. There was no substantial correlation between high levels of the five individual c-aAb investigated in this study. These data suggest that autoimmunity against endogenous cytokines is a relatively common phenomenon in healthy individuals, and that predictive factors for high, potentially neutralizing c-aAb levels vary depending on the cytokine in question, and may differ from predictors of general c-aAb presence.

TidsskriftP L o S One
Antal sider17
StatusUdgivet - 2017

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