Pretreatment of seeds with hydrogen peroxide improves deep-sowing tolerance of wheat seedlings

Askim Hediye Sekmen Cetinel, Tolga Yalcinkaya, Turgut Yigit Akyol, Azime Gokce, Ismail Turkan*

*Corresponding author af dette arbejde

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskrift/Konferencebidrag i tidsskrift /Bidrag til avisTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

Abstract

Drought is a prevalent natural factor limiting crop production in arid regions across the world. To overcome this limitation, seeds are sown much deeper to boost germination by soil moisture produced by underground water. Seed pretreatment can effectively induce deep-sowing tolerance in plants. In the present study, we evaluated whether H2O2 pretreatment of seeds can initiate metabolic changes and lead to improved deep-sowing tolerance in wheat. Pretreatment with 0.05 μM H2O2 promoted first internode elongation by 13% in the deep-sowing tolerant wheat cultivar “Tir” and by 32% in the sensitive cultivar “Kıraç-66” under deep-sowing conditions, whereas internode elongation was inhibited by diphenyleneiodonium chloride. In contrast to Tir seedlings, H2O2 levels in the first internode of Kıraç-66 seedlings increased under deep-sowing condition in the H2O2-treated group compared to controls. Moreover, these seedlings had significantly lower catalase (CAT), peroxidase (POX), and ascorbate peroxidase (APX) activities but higher NADPH oxidase (NOX) and superoxide dismutase (SOD) activities under the same conditions, which consequently induced greater H2O2 accumulation. Contrary to Tir, both total glutathione and glutathione S-transferase (GST) activity decreased in Kıraç-66 after deep-sowing at 10 cm. However, H2O2 treatment increased the total glutathione amounts and the activities of glutathione-related enzymes (except GST and GPX) in the first internode of Kıraç-66. Taken together, these data support that H2O2 acts as a signaling molecule in the activation of antioxidant enzymes (specifically NOX, SOD, and CAT), regulation of both glutathione-related enzymes and total glutathione content, and upregulation of the cell wall-loosening protein gene TaEXPB23.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftPlant Physiology and Biochemistry
Vol/bind167
Sider (fra-til)321-336
Antal sider16
ISSN0981-9428
DOI
StatusUdgivet - okt. 2021

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