Potential impacts of a future Nordic bioeconomy on surface water quality

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskrift/Konferencebidrag i tidsskrift /Bidrag til avisTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

DOI

  • Hannu Marttila, University of Oulu
  • ,
  • Ahti Lepistö, Finnish Environment Institute
  • ,
  • Anne Tolvanen, University of Oulu
  • ,
  • Marianne Bechmann, Norwegian Institute of Bioeconomy Research
  • ,
  • Katarina Kyllmar, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences
  • ,
  • Artti Juutinen, University of Oulu
  • ,
  • Hannah Wenng, Norwegian Institute of Bioeconomy Research, Norwegian University of Life Sciences
  • ,
  • Eva Skarbøvik, Norwegian Institute of Bioeconomy Research
  • ,
  • Martyn Futter, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences
  • ,
  • Pirkko Kortelainen, Finnish Environment Institute
  • ,
  • Katri Rankinen, Finnish Environment Institute
  • ,
  • Seppo Hellsten, University of Oulu
  • ,
  • Bjørn Kløve, University of Oulu
  • ,
  • Brian Kronvang
  • Øyvind Kaste, Norwegian Institute for Water Research, University of Agder
  • ,
  • Anne Lyche Solheim, Norwegian Institute for Water Research
  • ,
  • Joy Bhattacharjee, University of Oulu
  • ,
  • Jelena Rakovic, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences
  • ,
  • Heleen de Wit, Norwegian Institute for Water Research

Nordic water bodies face multiple stressors due to human activities, generating diffuse loading and climate change. The ‘green shift’ towards a bio-based economy poses new demands and increased pressure on the environment. Bioeconomy-related pressures consist primarily of more intensive land management to maximise production of biomass. These activities can add considerable nutrient and sediment loads to receiving waters, posing a threat to ecosystem services and good ecological status of surface waters. The potential threats of climate change and the ‘green shift’ highlight the need for improved understanding of catchment-scale water and element fluxes. Here, we assess possible bioeconomy-induced pressures on Nordic catchments and associated impacts on water quality. We suggest measures to protect water quality under the ‘green shift’ and propose ‘road maps’ towards sustainable catchment management. We also identify knowledge gaps and highlight the importance of long-term monitoring data and good models to evaluate changes in water quality, improve understanding of bioeconomy-related impacts, support mitigation measures and maintain ecosystem services.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftAMBIO
Vol/bind49
Nummer11
Sider (fra-til)1722-1735
Antal sider14
ISSN0044-7447
DOI
StatusUdgivet - nov. 2020

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