Potential complementation effects of two disease-associated mutations in tetrameric glutaryl-CoA dehydrogenase is due to inter subunit stability-activity counterbalance

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  • Joana V Ribeiro, Universidade de Lisboa
  • ,
  • Tânia G Lucas, Universidade de Lisboa
  • ,
  • Peter Bross
  • Cláudio M Gomes
  • Bárbara J Henriques, Universidade de Lisboa

Glutaric Aciduria Type I (GA-I), is an autosomal recessive neurometabolic disease caused by mutations in the GCDH gene that encodes for glutaryl-CoA dehydrogenase (GCDH), a flavoprotein involved in the metabolism of tryptophan, lysine and hydroxylysine. Although over 200 disease mutations have been reported a clear correlation between genotype and phenotype has been difficult to establish. To contribute to a better molecular understanding of GA-I we undertook a detailed molecular study on two GCDH disease-related variants, GCDH-p.Arg227Pro and GCDH-p.Val400Met. Heterozygous patients harbouring these two mutations have increased residual enzymatic activity in relation to homozygous patients with only one of the mutations, suggesting a complementation effect between the two. Combining biochemical, biophysical and structural methods we here establish the effects of these mutations on protein folding, stability and catalytic activity. We show that both variants retain the overall protein fold, but with compromised enzymatic activities. Detailed enzyme kinetic studies reveal that GCDH-p.Arg227Pro has impaired function due to deficient substrate affinity as evidenced by its higher Km, and that the lower activity in GCDH-p.Val400Met results from weaker interactions with its physiological redox partner (electron transfer flavoprotein). Moreover, the GCDH-p.Val400Met variant has a significantly lower thermal stability (ΔTm ≈ 9 °C), and impaired binding of the FAD cofactor in relation to wild-type protein. On these grounds, we provide a rational for the possible interallelic complementation observed in heterozygous patients based on the fact that in GCDH, the low active p.Arg227Pro variant contributes to stabilize the tetramer while the structurally unstable p.Val400Met variant compensates for enzyme activity.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
Artikelnummer140269
TidsskriftB B A - Proteins and Proteomics
Vol/bind1868
Nummer1
Antal sider7
ISSN1570-9639
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 2020

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