Physiologically-based pharmacokinetic modelling of distribution, bioaccumulation and excretion of POPs in Greenland sledge dogs (Canis familiaris)

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We used PBPK (physiologically-based pharmacokinetic) modelling to investigate distribution, bioaccumulation and excretion of the seven POPs (persistent organic pollutants) CB-99, CB-153, HCB, oxychlordane, p,p'-DDE, BDE-47 and BDE-99 in 4 adult captive Greenland sledge dog (Canis familiaris) bitches fed minke whale (Balaenoptera acuterostrata) blubber for 500-635 days. The PBPK modelled POP concentrations in adipose tissue, liver, kidney and plasma were mostly within a factor 2 of actual measured tissue levels even for those at the lower concentration end. The excretion route for oxychlordane and CB-153 was modelled to be via faeces while lung alveolar excretion dominated for BDE-47, BDE-99, HCB, p,p'-DDE and CB-99. Furthermore the model suggested the retained mass of POPs after 500 and 635 days of exposure, respectively, to be relatively low despite these POPs being highly recalcitrant. The retention increased in the following order (% of total intake); p,p'-DDE (1%)<BDE-47 (6%)<CB-99 (14%)<HCB (16%)<CB-153 (18%)<BDE-99 (26%)<oxychlordane (34%). Overall; these results indicate that PBPK modelling may be a strong tool in risk assessment of POPs in arctic mammals.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftEnvironmental Research
Vol/bind142
Sider (fra-til)380-386
Antal sider7
ISSN0013-9351
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 23 jul. 2015

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