Phosphorylation of the Human DNA Glycosylase NEIL2 Is Affected by Oxidative Stress and Modulates Its Activity

Camilla Myrup Holst, Nanna Brøndum Andersen, Vibeke Thinggaard, Mine Tilken, Sofie Lautrup, Cinzia Tesauro, Tinna Stevnsner*

*Corresponding author af dette arbejde

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskrift/Konferencebidrag i tidsskrift /Bidrag til avisTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review


The DNA glycosylase NEIL2 plays a central role in maintaining genome integrity, in particular during oxidative stress, by recognizing oxidized base lesions and initiating repair of these via the base excision repair (BER) pathway. Post-translational modifications are important molecular switches that regulate and coordinate the BER pathway, and thereby enable a rapid and fine-tuned response to DNA damage. Here, we report for the first time that human NEIL2 is regulated by phosphorylation. We demonstrate that NEIL2 is phosphorylated by the two kinases cyclin-dependent kinase 5 (CDK5) and protein kinase C (PKC) in vitro and in human SH-SY5Y neuroblastoma cells. The phosphorylation of NEIL2 by PKC causes a substantial reduction in NEIL2 repair activity, while CDK5 does not directly alter the enzymatic activity of NEIL2 in vitro, suggesting distinct modes of regulating NEIL2 function by the two kinases. Interestingly, we show a rapid dephosphorylation of NEIL2 in response to oxidative stress in SH-SY5Y cells. This points to phosphorylation as an important modulator of NEIL2 function in this cellular model, not least during oxidative stress.

Antal sider20
StatusUdgivet - feb. 2023


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