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Personality and work-related outcomes through the prism of socioanalytic theory: A review of meta-analyses

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The field of personality and work-related outcomes has branched out into separate subfields in the past decade. While this process has been valuable in terms of improving our knowledge, it has also raised the bar for practitioners and researchers who wish to acquire an overview of the field. We use socioanalytic theory as a prism through which to order this knowledge. We conduct a systematic literature search for peer-reviewed meta-analyses that report the predictive validity of personality for objective or other-rated work outcomes. We identify and include 48 meta-analyses. Through socioanalytic theory, we categorize these into six themes, and provide a narrative synthesis of each theme. First, personality measures are demonstrably valid predictors of work outcomes across countries. Second, measures based on the Five Factor Model outperform other measures. Third, the highest predictive power lies in using personality facets and specific work criteria. Fourth, leadership is broadly predicted by Extraversion and Openness. Fifth, getting along with others in teams and engaging in organizational citizenship behavior are predicted by Agreeableness and Conscientiousness. Sixth, negative work behaviors are associated with a lack of meaning, and are negatively related to all five personality scales.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftNordic Psychology
Sider (fra-til)1-17
Antal sider17
ISSN1904-0016
DOI
StatusUdgivet - apr. 2020

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